Famous Chinese Poets - Famous Poets from China (PRC)

This famous Chinese poets section is an educational source of information and inspiration featuring reknown Chinese poets. Here you will find famous poets of our time and times past from China (PRC).

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Po, Li

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Li Bai (Li Pai ; Chinese : ; pinyin : Li Bái ; Wade–Giles : Li 3 Pai 2, 701  – 762), also known as Li Bo (or Li Po ; pinyin : Li Bó ; Wade–Giles : Li 3 Po 2 ), is a Chinese poet acclaimed from his own day to the present as a genius and romantic figure who took traditional poetic forms to new heights. He and his friend Du Fu (712-770) are the two most prominent figures in the flourishing of Chinese poetry in the mid- Tang Dynasty that is often called the " Golden Age ."
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Bai, Li

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A Chinese poet who lived during the Tang Dynasty.. major Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty poetry period
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Wei, Wang

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A Tang Dynasty Chinese poet, musician, painter and statesman.. Chinese priestess and poet
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Fu, Du

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A prominent Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty.. prominent Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty
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Confucius,

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Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
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Anshi, Wang

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Wang Anshi (Chinese : ; December 8, 1021 – May 21, 1086 ) was a Chinese economist, statesman, chancellor and poet of the Song Dynasty who attempted controversial, major socioeconomic reforms. These reforms constituted the core concepts and motives of the Reformists, while their nemesis, Chancellor Sima Guang, led the Conservative faction against them.
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Dongpo, Su

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Su Shi (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Su Shì ), also known as Su Dong Po (January 8, 1037 – August 24, 1101) was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song Dynasty (960–1279). A major personality of the Song era, Su was an important figure in Song Dynasty politics, aligning himself with Sima Guang and others, against the New Policy party lead by Wang Anshi. Su Shi was famed as an essayist, and his prose writings lucidly contribute to the understanding of topics such as 11th-century Chinese travel literature or detailed information on the contemporary Chinese iron industry. His poetry has a long history of popularity and influence in China, Japan, and other areas in the near vicinity; and, his poetry is well known in the English speaking parts of the world through the translations by Arthur Waley, among others. In terms of the arts, Su Shi has some claim to being "the pre-eminent personality of the eleventh century."
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Yuan, Qu

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Qu Yuan (343–278 BC ) was a Chinese poet and minister who lived during the Warring States period of ancient China. He is principally remembered as the supposed origin of the Dragon Boat Festival. He is also known for his contributions to classical poetry and verses, especially through the poems of the Chu Ci anthology (also known as The Songs of the South or Songs of Chu ): a volume of poems attributed to or considered to be inspired by his verse writing. Together with the Shi Jing, the Chu Ci is one of the two great collections of ancient Chinese verse .
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Duo, Duo

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Duo Duo or Duoduo (Chinese : , 1951 - ) is the pen name of contemporary Chinese poet, Li Shizheng, a prominent exponent of the Chinese Misty Poets. Duo Duo was awarded the 2010 Neustadt International Prize for Literature .
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Ting, Shu

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Shu Ting (Chinese :, pinyin : Shu Tíng, born 1952 Jinjiang, Fujian ) is the pseudonym of Gong Peiyu (Chinese:, pinyin : Gong Pèiyú), a Chinese poet associated with the Misty Poets.
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Qing, Ai

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Aì Qing (Chinese : ; born Jiang Zhènghán and styled Jiang Haichéng ; March 27, 1910 – May 5, 1996), is regarded as one of the finest modern Chinese poets. He was known under his pen names Línbì, Kè'a and Éjia .
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Bo, Wang

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Wang Bo (Chinese : ; ca. 649–676), courtesy name Zi'an, was a Chinese poet in the Tang Dynasty .
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Binwang, Luo

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Luo Binwang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Luò Binwáng; Wade–Giles: Lo Pinwang, ca. 640–December 29, 684), courtesy name Guanguang (/), was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty. His family was from modern Wuzhou, Zhejiang, but he was raised in Shandong. Luo is grouped with Wang Bo, Yang Jiong (/) and Lu Zhaolin (/) as one of the Four Greats of the Early Tang as the most outstanding writers of their time.. Chinese writer and poet recognized as one of the Four Greats of the Early Tang
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Yuanming, Tao

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Tao Yuanming (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Táo Yuanmíng ; Wade–Giles : T'ao Yüan-ming ) also known as Tao Qian (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Táo Qián ; Wade–Giles : T'ao Ch'ien ) (365–427) was a Chinese poet of the Six Dynasties period (c. 220 - 589 CE). Tao Yuanming later changed his name to Tao Qian and is generally regarded as the greatest poet during the centuries between the Han and Tang dynasties. He is also the foremost of the "recluse" poets, or the poets who seem to have written their greatest work while in reclusion and/or those poets in whose poems the theme of countryside solitude particularly resonates.
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Heng, Zhang

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Zhang Heng (Chinese :  t   , s   , p   Zhang Héng ; AD 78–139), formerly romanized as Chang Hêng, was a Chinese polymath from Nanyang who lived during the Han dynasty. Educated in the capital cities of Luoyang and Chang'an, he achieved success as an astronomer, mathematician, inventor, geographer, cartographer, artist, poet, statesman, and literary scholar.
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Shi, Su

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Su Shi (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Su Shì) (January 8, 1037 – August 24, 1101), was a writer, poet, artist, calligrapher, pharmacologist, and statesman of the Song Dynasty, and one of the major poets of the Song era. His courtesy name was Zizhan and his pseudonym was Dongpo Jushi, and he is often referred to as Su Dongpo. Besides his renowned poetry, his other extant writings are of great value in the understanding of 11th century Chinese travel literature as well as details of the 11th century Chinese iron industry.. Song Dynasty writer poet artist calligrapher pharmacologist gastronome and statesman
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You, Lu

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Lu You (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Lù Yóu; Wade-Giles: Lu Yu, 1125–1209), was a Chinese poet of the Southern Song dynasty.. Chinese Song Dynasty poet
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Cheng, Gu

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Gu Cheng (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; September 24, 1956 – October 8, 1993) was a famous Chinese modern poet, essayist and novelist. He was a prominent member of the " Misty Poets ", a group of Chinese modernist poets.
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Yuxi, Liu

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Liu Yuxi (Wade-Giles : Liu Yu-hsi ; simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Liú Yuxi ) (772–842) was a Chinese poet, philosopher, and essayist, active during the Tang Dynasty. He was an associate of Bai Juyi and was known for his folk-style poems. Most famously, he is known for his poem Lou Shi Ming, "Inscription of a crude house". It describes living in a simple dwelling, following a life that is rich in character, refined in culture and learning.
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Qiji, Xin

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Xin Qìjí (28 May 1140–1207) was a Chinese poet, military leader, and statesman during the Southern Song dynasty .
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Ban, Consort

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Consort Ban (c. 48 BCE — c. 6 BCE), or Ban Jieyu, (Chinese : ; pinyin : Ban Jiéyú ; Wade–Giles : Pan Chieh-yü, and also known as Lady Pan ) was a Chinese scholar and poet during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 23 CE). Jieyu was a title for a concubine, her personal name is not known.
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Dao, Bei

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Bei Dao (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Bei Dao ; literally "Northern Island", born August 2, 1949) is the pen name of Chinese poet Zhao Zhenkai (S:, T:, P: Zhào Zhènkai ). He was born in Beijing. He chose the pen name because he came from the north and because of his preference for solitude. Bei Dao is the most notable representative of the Misty Poets, a group of Chinese poets who reacted against the restrictions of the Cultural Revolution.
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Xuanji, or Yu Hsuan-chi, Yu

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Yu Xuanji (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Yú Xuánji ; Wade–Giles : Yü Hsüan-chi, approximate dates 844–869, or, according to one source, 871), courtesy names Youwei (Chinese : ; pinyin : Yòuwei ) and Huìlan (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Huìlán ), was a Late Tang Dynasty Chinese poet, from in Chang'an. Her family name, Yu, is relatively rare. Her given name, Xuanji, means something like "Profound Theory" or "Mysterious Principle," and is a technical term in Daoism and Buddhism. "Yòuwei" means something like "Young and Tiny;" and, Huìlán refers to a species of fragrant orchid. She is distinctive for the quality of her poems, including many written in what seems to be a remarkably frank and direct autobiographical style; that is, using her own voice rather than speaking through a persona. She is of interest in feminist studies as one of relatively few early female Chinese poets, at least whose works have been preserved.
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Qian, Tao

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Tao Qian (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Táo Qián; Wade–Giles: T'ao Ch'ien) (365–427), better known as Tao Yuanming, was a Chinese poet. Born in modern Jiujiang, Jiangxi, he was one of the most influential pre-Tang Dynasty (618–907) Chinese poets.. Chinese poet of the Six Dynasties period
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Zi, Hai

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Hai Zi (Chinese:, March 1964 - 26 March 1989) is the pen name of the Chinese poet Zha Haisheng (Chinese:). He was one of the most famous poets in Mainland China after the Cultural Revolution. He committed suicide by lying on the path of a train in Shanhaiguan at the age of 25.. Chinese poet
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Ching-Chao, Li

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Li Qingzhao (Traditional Chinese : ; Simplified Chinese :, pinyin : Li Qingzhào; Wade-Giles : Li Ch'ing-chao, pseudonym Yi'an Jushi (“Yi'an Householder ”)) (1081–c. 1141) was a Chinese writer and poet of the Song Dynasty .
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Yun (Qing Dynasty), Wang

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Wang Yun (1749-1819) was a Chinese poet and playwright during the Qing Dynasty .
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Chin, Staceyann

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Staceyann Chin is a spoken-word poet, writer, performing artist and LGBT rights political activist.
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Zhimo, Xu

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Xu Zhimo (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xú Zhìmó; Wade–Giles: Hsü Chih-mo, January 15, 1897—November 19, 1931) was an early 20th century Chinese poet. He was given the name of Zhangxu and the courtesy name of Yousen. He later changed his courtesy name to Zhimo .. Chinese poet
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Changling, Wang

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Wang Changling (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Wáng Changlíng ) (698–756) was a major Tang Dynasty poet. His zi was Shaobo (Chinese : ). He was originally from Taiyuan in the Shanxi province of China, according to the editors of the Three Hundred Tang Poems, although other sources claim that he was actually from Jiangning near modern-day Nanjing. After passing the prestigious jinshi examination, he became a secretarial official and later held other imperial positions, including that of an official posting to Sishui, in what is currently Xingyang, in Henan province. Near the end of his life he was appointed as a minister of Jiangning county. He died in the An Lushan Rebellion.
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Dao, Jia

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Jia Dao (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Jia Dao; Wade-Giles: Chia Tao) (779–843), courtesy name Langxian, was a Chinese poet active during the Tang Dynasty. He was born near modern Beijing; after a period as a Buddhist monk, he went to Chang'an. He became one of Han Yu's disciples, but failed the jinshi exam several times. He wrote both discursive gushi and lyric jintishi. His works were criticised as "thin" by Su Shi, and some other commentators have considered them limited and artificial.. Chinese poet active during the Tang Dynasty
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Zhen, Yuan

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Yuan Zhen (Chinese : ; pinyin : Yuán Zhen ; Wade–Giles : Yüan Chen ) (779 – September 2, 831 ), courtesy name Weizhi, was a politician of the middle Tang Dynasty, but is more known as an important Chinese writer and poet. In prose literature, Yuan Zhen is particularly for his work Yingying's Biography, which was often adapted for other treatments, including operatic and musical ones. In poetry, he is remembered for the inclusion of some of his poems by popular anthologies, his verses on exotic topics (such as the former Liangzhou), and for being part of the group of "New Yuefu " poets, which often used poetry as a form of expression and protest, but one potentially subtle enough to avoid the likely repercussions of more direct criticism. The poetic circle in which Yuan Zhen was involved included Bai Juyi, among others. Politically Yuan Zhen was briefly chancellor, during the reign of Emperor Muzong .
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Moruo, Guo

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Guo Moruo (Chinese : ; pinyin : Guo Mòruò ; Wade–Giles : Kuo Mo-jo; November 16, 1892 – June 12, 1978), courtesy name Dingtang, was a Chinese author, poet, historian, archaeologist, and government official from Sichuan, China.
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Xingde, Nalan

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Nalan Xingde (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; Wade-Giles : Na-lan Hsing-te; 1655–1685) was a Chinese poet active during the Qing Dynasty, famous for his ci poetry. He was actually born Nalan Chengde, but had to change his name when the Kangxi Emperor named Yinreng, whose birth name also had the character cheng, the crown prince. Xingde also adopted the courtesy name Rongruo .
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Han-Shan,

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Hanshan (Chinese : ; pinyin : Hánshan ; literally "Cold Mountain", fl. 9th century) was a legendary figure associated with a collection of poems from the Chinese Tang Dynasty in the Taoist and Chan tradition. No one knows who he was, or when he lived and died. In the Buddhist tradition, Hanshan and his sidekick Shide are honored as emanations of the bodhisattvas Mañjusri and Samantabhadra, respectively. In Japanese and Chinese paintings, Hanshan is often depicted together with Shide or with Fenggan, another monk with legendary attributes.
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Shuzhen, Zhu

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Zhu Shuzhen (Chinese : ,) (c. 1135 – 1180) was a Chinese poet who lived during the Song dynasty. She married an official with whom she had a bad marriage. She either had an affair or committed suicide and her parents burned poetry by her hand.
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Yiduo, Wen

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Wen Yiduo (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Wén Yiduo; Wade–Giles: Wen I-to; 24 November 1899–15 July 1946), born Wén Jiahuá, courtesy names Yousan, Youshan, was a Chinese poet and scholar.. Chinese poet
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Wanli, Yang

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Yang Wanli (or Yang Wan-Li ) (1127–1206) was a Chinese poet, born in Jishui, Jiangxi. He was one of the "four masters" of Song Dynasty poetry.
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Mei, Yuan

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Yuan Mei (pinyin: Yuán Méi, 1716 – 1797) was a well-known poet, scholar and artist of the Qing Dynasty.. Chinese poet scholar artist and gastronome of the Qing Dynasty
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Xiu, Ouyang

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Ouyang Xiu (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Ouyáng Xiu; Wade–Giles: Ou-yang Hsiu) (1007 – September 22, 1072) was a Chinese statesman, historian, essayist and poet of the Song Dynasty. He is also known by his courtesy name of Yongshu, and was also self nicknamed The Old Drunkard, or Householder of the One of Six in his old age. Due to the multi-faceted nature of his talents, he would be regarded in Western parlance as a Renaissance man.. Chinese statesman historian essayist calligrapher and poet of the Song Dynasty
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Wan'er, Shangguan

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Shangguan Wan'er (664 –21 July 710), imperial consort rank Zhaorong, posthumous name Wenhui, was the granddaughter of Shangguan Yi and was one of the women most famous [ citation needed ] in Chinese history for her talent. She was a poet, writer and politician of the Tang Dynasty, as well as an imperial consort (concubine ) of Emperor Zhongzong .
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Yu, Han

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Han Yu (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Hán Yù) (768–824), born in Nanyang, Henan, China, was a precursor of Neo-Confucianism as well as an essayist and poet, during the Tang dynasty. The Indiana Companion calls him "comparable in stature to Dante, Shakespeare or Goethe" for his influence on the Chinese literary tradition (p. 397). He stood for strong central authority in politics and orthodoxy in cultural matters. He is also among China's finest prose writers, second only to Sima Qian, and first among the "Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song". Song Dynasty poet Su Shi praised Han Yu that he had written prose which "raised the standards after 8 dynasties of literary weaknesses" .. Chinese essayist and poet during the Tang dynasty
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Zhi, Cao

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Cao Zhi (192–232) was a poet who lived during the late Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history. His poetry style, greatly revered during the Jin Dynasty and Southern and Northern Dynasties, came to be known as the Jian'an style.. Chinese poet; third son of Cao Cao
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Ji (poet from Jiangnan), Zhang

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Zhang Ji (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhang Jí ), Chinese style name Wen Chang, c. 766-c. 830 ), and transliterated Chang Chi 2 by Giles, was a Tang Dynasty poet and scholar.
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Cheng'en, Wu

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Wu Cheng'en (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Wú Chéng'en ; Wade–Giles : Wu Ch'êng-ên, ca. 1500–1582 or 1505–1580 ), courtesy name Ruzhong, pen name "Sheyang Hermit," was a Chinese novelist and poet of the Ming Dynasty, and is considered to be the author of Journey to the West, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature .
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Zongyuan, Liu

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Liu Zongyuan (Chinese : ; pinyin : Liu Zongyuán ; Wade-Giles : Liu Tsung-yuan ) (773–November 28, 819), courtesy name Zihou (; Wade-Giles : Tzu-hou ), was a Chinese writer who lived part of his life in Chang'an, during the Tang Dynasty. Liu was born in present-day Yongji, Shanxi, along with Han Yu, he was a founder of the Classical Prose Movement. He has been traditionally classed as one of the Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song. He is also a famous poet.
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Qingzhao, Li

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Li Qingzhao (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese:, pinyin: Li Qingzhào; Wade-Giles: Li Ch'ing-chao,pseudonym Yi'an Jushi (“Yi'an Householder”),) (1084–c. 1151) was a Chinese writer and poet of the Song Dynasty, regarded by many as the premier woman poet in the Chinese language.. Chinese writer and poet of the Song Dynasty
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Mu, Du

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Du Mu (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dù Mù; Wade–Giles: Tu4 Mu4) (803–852) was a leading Chinese poet of the late Tang Dynasty. His courtesy name was Muzhi, and sobriquet Fanchuan .. leading Chinese poet of the late Tang Dynasty
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Ke, Mang

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Mang Ke (, original name Jiang Shiwei ), born in 1951, is a prominent Chinese poet and co-founder (with Bei Dao ) of the underground literary journal Today, which appeared irregularly between 1978 and 1980 before being shut down by the Chinese Government.
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Di, Pei

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Pei Di (Chinese : ; pinyin : Péi Dí ; Wade–Giles : P'ei Ti ) was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty, and a contemporary of Wang Wei, although younger by fifteen years. The poet's name is also rendered into English as "Pei Ti" or "Pei Shidi"(shi = ). The close personal friendship between Wang Wei and Pei Di is preserved in a letter by Wang Wei inviting him for a Springtime visit together at Wang's country estate. This letter has been translated by Arthur Waley. Pei also had a poetic relationship with Du Fu. Other than through his few surviving poems, and the poems addressed to him by Wang Wei and Du Fu, "pitifully little" is known about Pei Di, other than that he had a reasonably successful government career.
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