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Romantic Poets | Famous Romantic Poets and Poetry

Romantic Poets and their poetry. A list of the top 100 most popular and best famous Romantic poets. This list contains the most popular famous Romantic poets in history (with their best poetry).

The 19th Century is often called “the romantic era.” Romaniticism describes a movement in the history of culture, an aesthetic style, and an attitude or spirit. As a movement, romanticism involved a revolt against convention and authority and a search for freedom in personal, political, and artistic life. The romantics reacted against the rationalism of Enlightenment culture and the impersonality of growing industrialism. They worked to revive their nations’ history and to liberate the oppressed peoples of the earth.

Romantic Poets
1
Wordsworth , William

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Major English Romantic poet William Wordsworth, born in 1770, is considered to be one of the most important literary figures in modern history, as well as one of the leading purveyors of the Romantic Movement.

2
Blake , William

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William Blake (born on November 28, 1757 in London's West End) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. He was one of the greatest poets of the Romantic era.

3
Longfellow , Henry Wadsworth

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American poet and educator Henry Wadsworth Longfellow is one of the greatest poets in American history. Born in Portland, Maine, He became professor of Modern Languages in Harvard University; wrote "Hyperion," a romance in prose, and a succession of poems as well as lyrics, among the former "Evangeline," "The Golden Legend," "Hiawatha," and "Miles Standish"

4
Rossetti , Christina

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Christina Georgina Rossetti was an English poet who wrote a variety of romantic, devotional, and children's poems. She is best known for her long poem Goblin Market, her love poem Remember, and for the words of the Christmas carol In the Bleak Midwinter.. English poet

5
Poe , Edgar Allan

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​Edgar Allan Poe is an American poet and short story writer best known for his tales of the macabre. Poe was an author, poet, editor, and literary critic most famously known for his poem "The Raven".

6
Emerson , Ralph Waldo

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Ralph Waldo Emerson was born on May 25, 1803 in Boston, Massachusetts. He was a famous American preacher, philosopher, and poet of the 19th century who served as the center of the Transcendental movement.

7
Keats , John

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John Keats was an English poet who is now regarded as being one of the greatest lyric poets of his time and one of the principal poets of the English Romantic movement. He was born in London on October 31, 1795 and in his short lifetime had 54 poems published in various magazines and in three volumes of poetry. Recognition of his achievements as one of the leading poets of his time only came after his death in Rome on February 23, 1821.

8
Pushkin , Alexander

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Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin pioneered the use of vernacular speech in his poems and plays, creating a style of storytelling—mixing drama, romance, and satire—associated with Russian literature ever since and greatly influencing later Russian writers. He also wrote historical fiction. His The Captain's Daughter provides insight into Russia during the reign of Catherine the Great. A Russian Romantic author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet.

9
Browning , Elizabeth Barrett

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A celebrated Romantic English poet of the Victorian era, Elizabeth Barrett Browning is still one of the most influential figures within English poetry.

10
Shelley , Percy Bysshe

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One of the major English Romantic poets.. one of the major English Romantic poets

11
Hugo , Victor

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A poet, novelist, playwright, essayist, visual artist, statesman and human rights campaigner.. French poet novelist and dramatist

12
Byron , George (Lord)

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George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, later George Gordon Noel, 6th Baron Byron, FRS (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), commonly known simply as Lord Byron, was an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric " She Walks in Beauty ." He is regarded as one of the greatest British poets and remains widely read and influential.

13
Stevenson , Robert Louis

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A Scottish novelist, poet, and travel writer, and a representative of Neo-romanticism in England.. Scottish novelist poet essayist and travel writer

14
Burns , Robert

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Robert Burns was a poet and songwriter widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland. This celebrated Scottish poet and lyricist was born at Alloway, near Ayr, in 1759. Burns' poem "A Red, Red Rose" is considered one of the greatest poems of all-time.

15
Moore , Thomas

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Thomas Moore was an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Minstrel Boy and The Last Rose of Summer. He was responsible, with John Murray, for burning Lord Byron's memoirs after his death.. Irish poet singer songwriter and entertainer

16
von Goethe , Johann Wolfgang

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A German polymath: he was a poet, novelist, dramatist, humanist, scientist, theorist and painter.. German writer artist and politician

17
Pillai , Changampuzha Krishna

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Changampuzha Krishna Pillai was a celebrated Malayalam poet from Kerala, India, known almost exclusively for his romantic elegy Ramanan (Malayalam ) which was written in 1936 and sold over 100,000 copies. It is a play written in the form of verse. It is a long pastoral elegy allegedly based on the life of Changampuzha's friend Edappally Raghavan Pillai. This has also been converted into a movie in 1967. He is credited with bringing poetry to the masses with his simple romantic style. He died of Tuberculosis at a young age of 36. His style influenced the next few generations of Malayalam poetry.

18
Baudelaire , Charles

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Charles Pierre Baudelaire is one of the most influential French poets of the nineteenth century. French poet essayist art critic and translator, b. Paris, 9 April 1821, the son of a distinguished friend of Cabanis and Condorcet. He first became famous by the publication of Fleurs du Mal, 1857, in which appeared Les Litanies de Satan. The work was prosecuted and suppressed. Baudelaire translated some of the writings of E. A. Poe, a poet whom he resembled much in life and character. The divine beauty of his face has been celebrated by the French poet, Théodore de Banville, and his genius in some magnificent stanzas by the English poet, Algernon Swinburne. Died Paris 31 Aug. 1867.

19
Scott , Sir Walter

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A prolific Scottish historical novelist and romantic poet of the 19th century.. Scottish historical novelist playwright and poet

20
Southey , Robert

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Robert Southey was an English Romantic poet. One of the "Lake Poets"; Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom 1813–1843.

21
Shelley , Mary

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Mary Shelley, born Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus (1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. .

22
Po , Li

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Li Bai (Li Pai ; Chinese : ; pinyin : Li Bái ; Wade–Giles : Li 3 Pai 2, 701  – 762), also known as Li Bo (or Li Po ; pinyin : Li Bó ; Wade–Giles : Li 3 Po 2 ), is a Chinese poet acclaimed from his own day to the present as a genius and romantic figure who took traditional poetic forms to new heights. He and his friend Du Fu (712-770) are the two most prominent figures in the flourishing of Chinese poetry in the mid- Tang Dynasty that is often called the " Golden Age ."

23
Hikmet , Nazim

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Nâzim Hikmet Ran, commonly known as Nâzim Hikmet, was a Turkish poet, playwright, novelist and memoirist. He was acclaimed for the "lyrical flow of his statements". Described as a "romantic communist" and "romantic revolutionary", he was repeatedly arrested for his political beliefs and spent much of his adult life in prison or in exile. His poetry has been translated into more than fifty languages.

24
Coleridge , Samuel Taylor

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Samuel Taylor Coleridge was an English poet, Romantic, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets. He is probably best known for his poems The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan, as well as for his major prose work Biographia Literaria. His critical work, especially on Shakespeare, was highly influential, and he helped introduce German idealist philosophy to English-speaking culture. He coined many familiar words and phrases, including the celebrated suspension of disbelief. He was a major influence, via Emerson, on American transcendentalism.. English poet

25
Adolfo Becquer , Gustavo

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Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida, better known as Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, was a Spanish post-romanticist poet and writer (mostly short stories), also a playwright, literary columnist, and talented drawer. Today he is considered one of the most important figures in Spanish literature. He adopted the alias of Bécquer as his brother Valeriano Bécquer, a painter, had done earlier. He was associated with the post-romanticism movement and wrote while realism was enjoying success in Spain. He was moderately well known during his life, but it was after his death that most of his works were published. His best known works are the Rhymes and the Legends, usually published together as Rimas y leyendas.

26
Bryant , William Cullen

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William Cullen Bryant was an American romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post. He was born at Cummington, a farming village in the Hampshire hills of western Massachusetts, on the 3rd of November 1794.

27
Cowper , William

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William Cowper was an English poet and hymnodist. One of the most popular poets of his time, Cowper changed the direction of 18th century nature poetry by writing of everyday life and scenes of the English countryside. In many ways, he was one of the forerunners of Romantic poetry.

28
Doherty , Pete

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Peter Doherty (born 12 March 1979) is an English musician, writer, actor, poet and artist. He is best known musically for being co-frontman of The Libertines, which he reformed with Carl Barât in 2010. His other musical project is indie band Babyshambles. In 2005, Doherty became prominent in tabloids, the news media, and pop culture blogs because of his romantic relationship with model Kate Moss and his frequently-publicised drug addictions.. British musician songwriter poet

29
Ghalib , Mirza

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One of the best-known Urdu poets of all times, Mirza Ghalib is a name that is synonymous with Urdu poetry. Born Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, Ghalib was a pen name he adopted. It is like a pseudonym that most poets and writers adopt in the literary world. The life history of Ghalib is truly interesting and Ghalib biography indeed makes a good read. Ghalib was born in Agra, India in Turkish aristocratic ancestry on 27th December 1796.

30
Turner Smith , Charlotte

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Charlotte Turner Smith (4 May 1749 – 28 October 1806) was an English Romantic poet and novelist. She initiated a revival of the English sonnet, helped establish the conventions of Gothic fiction, and wrote political novels of sensibility.. English Romantic poet and novelist

31
Dutt , Michael Madhusudan

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Michael Madhusudan Dutt was a popular 19th century Bengali poet and dramatist. He was born in Sagardari, on the bank of Kopotakho River, a village in Keshobpur Upozila, Jessore District, East Bengal (now in Bangladesh). He was a pioneer of Bengali drama.

32
Rai Bachchan , Harivansh

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poet of Chhayavaad literary movement (romantic upsurge)

33
Das , Jibanananda

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Jibanananda Das (Bengali: Jibonanondo Dash) (17 February 1899 - 22 October 1954) is probably the most popular Bengali poet. He is considered one of the precursors who introduced modernist poetry to Bengali Literature, at a period when it was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore's Romantic poetry.. Bengali poet and author

34
Micle , Veronica

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Veronica Micle (born Ana Câmpeanu; April 22, 1850—August 3, 1889) was an Imperial Austrian-born Romanian poet, whose work was influenced by Romanticism. She is best known for her love affair with the poet Mihai Eminescu, one of the most important Romanian writers.. Imperial Austrian-born Romanian poet

35
Nair , P. Kunhiraman

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P. Kunhiraman Nair (4 October 1905 – 27 May 1978), also known as Mahakavi P, was a renowned Malayalam poet whose works romanticised the natural beauty of his home state of Kerala in southern India and juxtaposed it with the hard realities of his life and times.

36
Batalvi , Shiv Kumar

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Shiv Kumar Batalvi (Punjabi : ) (1936–1973) was a Punjabi language poet, who was most known for his romantic poetry, noted for its heightened passion, pathos, separation and lover's agony

37
Russell Lowell , James

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James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 – August 12, 1891) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat. He is associated with the Fireside Poets, a group of New England writers who were among the first American poets who rivaled the popularity of British poets. These poets usually used conventional forms and meters in their poetry, making them suitable for families entertaining at their fireside.. American Romantic poet critic editor and diplomat; Fireside Poets

38
Wordsworth , Dorothy

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Dorothy Mae Ann Wordsworth was an English author, poet and diarist. She was the sister of the Romantic poet William Wordsworth, and the two were close for all of their lives. Dorothy did not set out to be an author, and her writings consist only of a series of letters, diary entries and short stories.. English author poet and diarist; sister of William Wordsworth

39
Eminescu , Mihai

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Mihai Eminescu was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, often regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet.

40
Shevchenko , Taras

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Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian: ´ ´ ´, Russian: ´ ´ ´) (March 9 1814 – March 10 1861) was a Ukrainian poet, artist and humanist. His literary heritage is regarded to be the foundation of modern Ukrainian literature and, to a large extent, the modern Ukrainian language. Shevchenko also wrote in Russian and left many masterpieces as a painter and an illustrator.. Ukrainian poet and artist

41
Christian Andersen , Hans

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Hans Christian Andersen (Danish pronunciation:, referred to using the initials H. C. Andersen (Danish pronunciation) in Denmark and the rest of Scandinavia; April 2, 1805 – August 4, 1875) was a Danish author, fairy tale writer, and poet noted for his children's stories. These include "The Steadfast Tin Soldier", "The Snow Queen", "The Little Mermaid", "Thumbelina", "The Little Match Girl", and "The Ugly Duckling".. Danish poet

42
Aleardi , Aleardo

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Italian poet, Aleardo Aleardi (November 14, 1812 – July 17, 1878), born Gaetano Maria, he belonged to the so-called Neo-romanticists. He was engaged in a life-long struggle against the Austrian dominion, and his patriotic poems were much admired. In 1859 he was elected deputy to Parliament for Brescia. Died Verona, 16 July, 1878.

43
Von Eichendorff , Joseph Freiherr

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Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff (10 March 1788 – 26 November 1857) was a German poet and novelist of the later German romantic school.. German poet and novelist of the later German romantic school

44
Lermontov , Mikhail

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Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (Russian: ´ ´ ´, IPA: ; October 15 1814 – July 27 1841), a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", has become the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837. Lermontov is considered the supreme poet of Russian literature side by side with Pushkin and the greatest figure of Russian Romanticism. His influence on later Russian literature is still felt in modern times, not only through his poetry, but also through his prose, which has founded the tradition of Russian psychological novel.. Russian Romantic writer poet and painter

45
Hölderlin , Friedrich

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Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin (German pronunciation: ; 20 March 1770 – 7 June 1843) was a major German lyric poet, commonly associated with the artistic movement known as Romanticism. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates and fellow Swabians Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling.. German lyric poet; associated with Romanticism

46
Alecsandri , Vasile

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Vasile Alecsandri (Romanian pronunciation: ; 21 July 1821 – 22 August 1890) was a Romanian poet, playwright, politician, and diplomat. He collected Romanian folk songs and was one of the principal animators of the 19th century movement for Romanian cultural identity and union of Moldavia and Wallachia.. Romanian poet

47
Botev , Hristo

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Hristo Botev (Bulgarian:, also transliterated as Hristo Botyov) (January 6, 1848 – June 1, 1876), born Hristo Botyov Petkov (Bulgarian: ), was a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary. Botev is widely considered by Bulgarians to be a symbolic historical figure and national hero.. Bulgarian poet and revolutionary

48
Abreu , Casimiro de

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Casimiro José Marques de Abreu (January 4, 1839 – October 18, 1860) was a Brazilian poet, novelist and playwright, adept of the " Ultra-Romanticism " movement. He is famous for the poem "Meus oito anos" ("My eight-years-old").

49
Bécquer , Gustavo Adolfo

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Gustavo Adolfo Claudio Domínguez Bastida, better known as Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, was a Spanish post-romanticist poet and writer (mostly short stories), also a playwright, literary columnist, and talented drawer. Today he is considered one of the most important figures in Spanish literature. He adopted the alias of Bécquer as his brother Valeriano Bécquer, a painter, had done earlier. He was associated with the post-romanticism movement and wrote while realism was enjoying success in Spain. He was moderately well known during his life, but it was after his death that most of his works were published. His best known works are the Rhymes and the Legends, usually published together as Rimas y leyendas.

50
Heine , Heinrich

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Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was one of the most significant German poets of the 19th century. He was also a journalist, essayist, and literary critic. He is best known outside Germany for his early lyric poetry, which was set to music in the form of Lieder (art songs) by composers such as Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert. Heine's later verse and prose is distinguished by its satirical wit and irony. His radical political views led to many of his works being banned by German authorities. Heine spent the last 25 years of his life as an expatriate in Paris.. German poet journalist essayist and literary critic

51
Alves , Castro

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Antônio Frederico de Castro Alves (14 March 1847 – 6 July 1871) was a Brazilian poet and playwright, famous for his abolitionist and republican poems. One of the most famous poets of the " Condorism ", he won the epithet of " O Poeta dos Escravos " (" The Poet of the Slaves ").

52
Kalvos , Andreas

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Andreas Kalvos (Greek : da ß, also transliterated as Andreas Calvos; 1792 - November 3, 1869) was a Greek poet of the Romantic school. He published only two collections of poems - the Lyra of 1824 and the Lyrica of 1826. He was a contemporary of the poets Ugo Foscolo and Dionysios Solomos. No portrait of him is known.

53
Frashëri , Naim

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Naim Frashëri (25 May 1846 – 20 October 1900) was an Albanian poet and writer. He was one of the most prominent figures of the Albanian National Awakening (Albanian: Rilindja Kombëtare) of the 19th century. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Albania.. Albanian poet and writer; regarded as the national poet of Albania

54
Espronceda , José de

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José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado was a Romantic Spanish poet.

55
Brentano , Clemens

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Clemens Brentano, or Klemens Brentano (September 9, 1778 – July 28, 1842) was a German poet and novelist.. German poet and novelist

56
de Musset , Alfred

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Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay (11 December 1810 – 2 May 1857) was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry, he is known for writing La Confession d'un enfant du siècle (The Confession of a Child of the Century, autobiographical) from 1836.. 19th century poet

57
Castro , Rosalía de

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María Rosalía Rita de Castro (Galician pronunciation:  [rosa'li.a ðe 'kasto] ; 24 February 1837 – 15 July 1885), was a Galician romanticist writer and poet .

58
de Lamartine , Alphonse

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Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine (21 October 1790 – 28 February 1869) was a French writer, poet and politician who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic.. French writer poet and politician

59
Arif , Iftikhar

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Iftikhar Hussain Arif (Urdu : ) commonly known as Iftikhar Arif ( ) (b. March 21, 1943 Lucknow ) is an Urdu poet, scholar and littérateur from Pakistan. His style is romantic Urdu poetry. He has headed Academy Adbiyat (the Pakistan Academy of Letters ) and Muqtadra Quami Zaban (the National Language Authority ). He has been decorated with Hilal-e-Imtiaz, Sitara-e-Imtiaz and Presidential Pride of Performance, which are the highest literary awards given by the Government of Pakistan.

60
Azevedo , Álvares de

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Manuel Antônio Álvares de Azevedo (September 12, 1831 – April 25, 1852) was a Brazilian Romantic poet, short story writer, playwright and essayist. Adept of what was called in Brazil " Ultra-Romanticism ", his work is characterized by heavy dualism and morbidity, what gave him the epithet of "the Brazilian Lord Byron ".

61
Nizami ,

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Nizami Ganjavi (Persian : , Nezami-ye Ganjavi ; Kurdish : , Nîzamî Gencewî ) (1141 to 1209) (6th Hejri century), Nizami Ganje'i, Nizami, or Nezami (Persian : ), whose formal name was Jamal ad-Din Abu Muammad Ilyas ibn-Yusuf ibn-Zakki, was a 12th-century Persian poet. Nezami is considered the greatest romantic epic poet in Persian literature, who brought a colloquial and realistic style to the Persian epic. His heritage is widely appreciated and shared by Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kurdistan region and Tajikistan.

62
Arnsztajnowa , Franciszka

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Franciszka Arnsztajnowa (in full: Franciszka Hanna Arnsztajnowa ; 19 February 1865 – August 1942) was a well-known and esteemed Polish poet, playwright, and translator of Jewish descent. Much of her creative oeuvre falls within the Young Poland period, stylistically encompassing the twilight of neo-romanticism. She is called "the legend of Lublin ".

63
Jovanovic Zmaj , Jovan

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Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj (1833–1904), Serbian poet, physician

64
Leopardi , Giacomo

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. Italian poet essayist philosopher and philologist

65
Prešeren , France

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France Prešeren (pronunciation (help·info)) (3 December 1800 – 8 February 1849) was a Slovene Romantic poet. He is considered the Slovene national poet. Although he was not a particularly prolific author, he inspired virtually all Slovene literature thereafter.. Carniolan Romantic poet of Slovene descent

66
Foscolo , Ugo

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Ugo Foscolo (6 February 1778 – 10 September 1827), born Niccolò Foscolo, was an Italian writer, revolutionary and poet.. Italian writer revolutionary and poet

67
de Nerval , Gérard

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Gérard de Nerval (French pronunciation) was the nom-de-plume of the French poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie, one of the most essentially Romantic French poets.. French poet essayist and translator

68
Danish , Ehsan

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Ehsan Danish (Urdu : — Esan Daniš, 1914—1982), born Ehsan-ul-Haq (Urdu : — Esanu l-aq ), was a prominent Urdu poet from the Indian subcontinent. At the beginning of his career his poetry was very romantic but later he wrote his poems more for the labourers and came to be called "Šair-e Mazdur" (Poet of the workmen) by his audience. His poetry inspired the common people’s feelings and he has been compared with Josh Malihabadi. He holds the unique position as one of the best poets of all times, with fine, romantic and revolutionary, but simple style of poetry.

69
Martial ,

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Marcus Valerius Martialis (known in English as Martial ) (March 1, 40 AD – between 102 and 104 AD), was a Spanish poet from Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula ) best known for his twelve books of Epigrams, published in Rome between AD 86 and 103, during the reigns of the emperors Domitian, Nerva and Trajan. In these short, witty poems he cheerfully satirises city life and the scandalous activities of his acquaintances, and romanticises his provincial upbringing. He wrote a total of 1,561, of which 1,235 are in elegiac couplets. He is considered to be the creator of the modern epigram.

70
Ashton Smith , Clark

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Clark Ashton Smith (13 January 1893 – 14 August 1961) was a self-educated American poet, sculptor, painter and author of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories. He achieved early local recognition, largely through the enthusiasm of George Sterling, for traditional verse in the vein of Swinburne. As a poet, Smith is grouped with the West Coast Romantics (alongside Ambrose Bierce, Joaquin Miller, Sterling, Nora May French, and others) and remembered as 'The Last of the Great Romantics' and 'The Bard of Auburn'. As a member of the Lovecraft circle, (Smith's literary friendship with H. P. Lovecraft lasted from 1922 until Lovecraft's death in 1937), Smith remains second only to Lovecraft in general esteem and importance amongst contributors to the pulp magazine Weird Tales, where some readers objected to his morbidness and violation of pulp traditions. (It has been said of him that "Nobody since Poe has so loved a well-rotted corpse.") His work is marked chiefly by an extraordinarily wide and ornate vocabulary, a cosmic perspective and a vein of sardonic and sometimes ribald humour.. American poet sculptor painter and author

71
Paul , Jean

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Jean Paul (21 March 1763 – 14 November 1825), born Johann Paul Richter, was a German Romantic writer, best known for his humorous novels and stories.

72
Novalis ,

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Novalis (German: [no'vals] ) was the pseudonym of Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg (May 2, 1772 – March 25, 1801), a poet, an author and philosopher of early German Romanticism .

73
Scott , Walter

 | 

Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet, FRSE (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet, popular throughout much of the world in the 19th century.

74
Varma , A. R. Raja Raja

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A. R. Raja Raja Varma or A R. Rajaraja Varma (Malayalam : .. ) (1863–1918) was an Indian poet, grammatician and Professor of Oriental Languages at Maharaja's College(present University College ), Trivandrum. He wrote widely in Sanskrit and Malayalam. He is known as Kerala Panini for his contributions to Malayalam Literature. A mixed effect of the influence of the study of British Romantic poets of the 19th century and a renewed interest in the real classics of Sanskrit literature can be seen in his poems. His essays are fine examples of excellent prose.His important works are Kerala Panineeyam, Bhashabhooshanam, and Vritha Manjari. Bhangavilaapam and Malayavilasam are his poems. Bhasha Megha Dootu, Bhasha Kumara Sambhavam, Malayala Sakuntalam, Malavikagnimitram, and Charudattam are among his translations. Broadly speaking the Golden period of Malayalam Literature was the hundred years from 1850 for it was during this period that stalwarts like Kerala Varma, A.R. Rajaraja Varma, Chandu Menon, C.V. Raman Pillai and the Kavitrayam Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol lived and produced literature that was great by all standards.Kerala Varma and Rajaraja Varma were indeed the towering figures, and they hold a unique position. Rajaraja Varma in whom we see a rare blend of scholarship and creative talent, was the moving spirit behind the great literary renaissance in Kerala.Says Ulloor of A.R. Rajaraja Varma, “While others embellished the walls of the mansion of Malayalam literature with their paintings and drawings, A.R. worked both on its foundation and dome and made it a long enduring and imposing structure for the benefit of the people of Kerala. His fame rests on this architectural accomplishment and is bound to last for ever”.

75
Baillie , Joanna

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Joanna Baillie, a poetess, born at Bothwell, child of the Presbyterian manse there; joined a brother in London, stayed afterwards with a sister at Hampstead; produced a series of dramas entitled "Plays of the Passions," besides many others, both comedies and tragedies, one of which, the "Family Legend," was acted in the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, under the auspices of Sir Walter Scott; she does not stand high either as a dramatist or a writer (1762-1851).

76
Tieck , Ludwig

 | 

Johann Ludwig Tieck (May 31, 1773 – April 28, 1853) was a German poet, translator, editor, novelist, writer of Novellen, and critic, who was one of the founding fathers of the Romantic movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.. German poet translator editor novelist and critic

77
Nagi , Ibrahim

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Ibrahim Nagi (Arabic) (1898–1953) was an Egyptian poet. Nagi was also a doctor in internal medicine. Nagi's most famous poem is "El Atlal" or "The Ruins" which was eventually sung by famous Egyptian singer Om Kalthoom. He was a co founder of the Cairo Society for Romantic Poetry. He married Samia Sami and had three daughters: Amira (who had a daughter named Samia and a son named Mohammed), Dawheya (who went to live in America and had a son- Ahmad, and a daughter- Shahira), and Mohassen.

78
Tokoku , Kitamura

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Kitamura Tokoku ( , 29 December 1868 – 16 May 1894) was the pen name of Kitamura Montaro, a Japanese poet, essayist, and one of the founders of the modern Japanese romantic literary movement in the late Meiji period of Japan .

79
Asachi , Gheorghe

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Gheorghe Asachi (Romanian pronunciation:  ['george a'saki], surname also spelled Asaki ; March 1, 1788 – November 12, 1869) was a Moldavian -born Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator. An Enlightenment -educated polymath and polyglot, he was one of the most influential people of his generation. Asachi was a respected journalist and political figure, as well as active in technical fields such as civil engineering and pedagogy, and, for long, the civil servant charged with overseeing all Moldavian schools. Among his leading achievements were the issuing of Albina Româneasca, a highly influential magazine, and the creation of Academia Mihaileana, which replaced Greek-language education with teaching in Romanian. His literary works combined a taste for Classicism with Romantic tenets, while his version of the literary language relied on archaisms and borrowings from the Moldavian dialect .

80
Mickiewicz , Adam

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Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (listen)) (December 24, 1798 – November 26, 1855) was a Polish (Polish-Lithuanian) poet, publisher and political writer of the Romantic period. One of the primary representatives of the Polish Romanticism era, a national poet of Poland, he is seen as one of Poland's Three Bards and the greatest poet in all of Polish literature. He is also considered one of the greatest Slavic language or European poets. He has been described as a Slavonic bard. He was a prominent creator of Romantic drama in Poland. compared both at home and in Western Europe to Byron and Goethe. Polish national poet essayist translator publicist and political writer

81
Verdaguer , Jacint

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Jacint Verdaguer i Santaló (Catalan pronunciation) (Folgueroles, May 17, 1845 - Vallvidrera, June 10, 1902) is regarded as one of the greatest poets of Catalan literature and a prominent literary figure of the Renaixença, a national revival movement of the late Romantic era. The bishop Josep Torras i Bages, one of the main figures of Catalan nationalism, called him the "Prince of Catalan poets". He was also known as mossèn Cinto Verdaguer, because of his career as a priest.. Catalan poet; prominent figure in the Renaixença

82
Chubb , Ralph

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Ralph Nicholas Chubb (8 February 1892 - 14 January 1960) was an English poet, printer, and artist. Heavily influenced by Whitman, Blake, and the Romantics, his work was the creation of a highly intricate personal mythology, one that was anti-materialist and sexually revolutionary.. poet painter printer

83
Rahman , Shamsur

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Shamsur Rahman (Bangla: Shamsur Ruhman) (October 23, 1929 – August 17, 2006) was a Bangladeshi poet, columnist and journalist. Rahman, who emerged in the latter half of the 20th century, wrote more than sixty books of poetry and is considered a key figure in Bengali literature. He was regarded the unofficial poet laureate of Bangladesh. Major themes in his poetry and writings include liberal humanism, human relations, romanticised rebellion of youth, the emergence of and consequent events in Bangladesh, and opposition to religious fundamentalism.. Bangladeshi poet columnist and journalist; key figure in Bengali literature

84
Tyutchev , Fyodor

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Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev (Russian: ´ ´; December 5 1803 - July 27 1873) is generally considered the last of three great Romantic poets of Russia, following Alexander Pushkin and Mikhail Lermontov.. Russian poet; last of three great Romantic poets of Russia

85
Bertrand , Aloysius

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Louis Jacques Napoléon Bertrand, more well known by his pen name Aloysius Bertrand (April 20, 1807 — April 29, 1841), was a French Romantic poet, playwright and journalist. He is famous for having introduced prose poetry in French literature, and is considered a forerunner of the Symbolist movement. His masterpiece is the collection of prose poems Gaspard de la nuit, that was published posthumously in 1842 and had three of its poems famously adapted to a homonymous piano suite by Maurice Ravel in 1908.

86
Robinson , Mary

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Mary Therese Winifred Robinson (née Bourke) (Irish: Máire Mhic Róibín; born 21 May 1944) served as the seventh, and first female, President of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, from 1997 to 2002. She first rose to prominence as an academic, barrister, campaigner and member of the Irish Senate (1969–1989). She defeated Fianna Fáil's Brian Lenihan and Fine Gael's Austin Currie in the 1990 presidential election becoming, as an Independent candidate nominated by the Labour Party, the Workers' Party and independent senators, the first elected president in the office's history not to have had the support of Fianna Fáil.. English poet and novelist

87
Mirón , Salvador Díaz

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Salvador Díaz Mirón (December 14, 1853 – June 12, 1928) was a Mexican poet. He was born in the port city of Veracruz. His early verse, written in a passionate, romantic style, was influenced by Lord Byron and Victor Hugo. His later verse was more classical in mode. His poem, A Gloria, was influential. His 1901 volume Lascas ("Chips from a Stone") established Mirón as a precursor of modernismo. After a long period of exile, he returned to Mexico and died in Veracruz on June 12, 1928.

88
Zaydún , Ibn

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Abu al-Waleed Ahmad Ibn Zaydún al-Makhzumi (1003-1071) known as Ibn Zaydún (Arabic full name, ) was a famous Arab poet of Cordoba and Seville. His romantic and literary life was dominated by his relations with the poet Wallada bint al-Mustakfi, the daughter of the Umayyad Caliph Muhammad III of Cordoba. According to Jayyusi in her book The Legacy of Muslim Spain, "Ibn Zaydun brought into Andalusi poetry something of balance, the rhetorical command, the passionate power and grandeur of style that marked contemporary poetry in the east...he rescued Andalusi poetry from the self-indulgence of the poets of externalized description."

89
Chénier , André

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French poet, associated with the events of the French Revolution of which he was a victim. His sensual, emotive poetry marks him as one of the precursors of the Romantic movement.

90
Fredro , Aleksander

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Aleksander Fredro (20 June 1793 – 15 July 1876) was a Polish poet, playwright and author active during Polish Romanticism in the period of partitions by neighboring empires. His works including plays written in the octosyllabic verse (Zemsta ) and in prose (Damy i Huzary ) as well as fables, belong to the canon of Polish literature. Fredro was harshly criticized by some of his contemporaries for light-hearted humor or even the alleged immorality (Seweryn Goszczynski, 1835) which led to years of his literary silence. Many of Fredro's dozens of plays were published and popularized only after his death. His best-known works have been translated into English, French, German, Russian, Czech, Romanian, Hungarian and Slovak.

91
Gautier , Théophile

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Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier (pronounced) was a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, art critic and literary critic.

92
Kumar , Shiv

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Shiv Kumar Batalvi (Punjabi : ) (1936–1973) was a Punjabi language poet, who was most known for his romantic poetry, noted for its heightened passion, pathos, separation and lover's agony

93
Mohani , Hasrat

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Maulana Hasrat Mohani (b. 1875 Unnao, d. 1951 Lucknow ) (Urdu : — M¯lána asrat Mohani ) was a Romantic Poet of Urdu language, journalist, politician, parliamentarian of British India, besides a being a part of the Indian Independence Movement .

94
Deschamps , Émile

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Émile de Saint-Amand Deschamps (pronounced [emil d s~ am~d d~p] ) (1791–1871) was a French poet. He was born at Bourges. Deschamps was one of the chiefs of the Romantic school.

95
Crnjanski , Miloš

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Miloš Crnjanski (in Serbian Cyrillic : , pronounced  [mîl tsranski] ; 26 October 1893 – 30 November 1977) was a poet of the expressionist wing of Serbian modernism, author, and a diplomat. From his beginnings as a journalist whose social-political stance was at one moment openly opposed to freedom and progress, he gradually arose to become a poet and romanticist.

96
Isamu , Yoshii

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Count Yoshii Isamu ( , October 8, 1886 - November 9, 1960) was a Japanese tanka poet and playwright writer active in Taisho and Showa period Japan. Attracted to European romanticism in his youth, his later works were more subdued.

97
Borzouee , Mona

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Mona Borzouee (Persian : , (born May 09, 1984)) is an Iranian poet and lyricist. She is famous for her romantic lyrics especially her lyrics for Ebi and Shadmehr Aghili. She was educated as an English translator and began writing poetry when she was 14 years old.

98
Slowacki , Juliusz

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Juliusz Slowacki (1809–1849), Polish Romantic poet ; one of the " Three Bards " of Polish literature

99
Garrigue , Jean

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Jean Garrigue was an American poet (1912–1972) born in Evansville, Indiana and wrote as an expatriate from Europe in 1953, 1957, and 1962. She eventually settled in. The Ego and the Centaur (1947) was Garrigue’s first full-length publication. She was a professor at Queens College, Smith College and several other colleges and universities. She was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship in 1960-61, and nominated for a National Book Award for Country Without Maps. The critic and poet Stanley Kunitz, called Garrigue "a wildly gifted poet…whose art took the road of excess that leads to the palace of wisdom." Garrigue was also romantically involved with Delmore Schwartz, Alfred Kazin, Stanley Kunitz, Larry Rivers and Josephine Herbst.. American poet

100
Graham , W. S.

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William Sydney Graham (19 November 1918 – 9 January 1986) was a Scottish poet who is often associated with Dylan Thomas and the neo-romantic group of poets. Graham's poetry was mostly overlooked in his lifetime but, partly due to the support of Harold Pinter, his work has enjoyed a revival in recent years. He was represented in the second edition of the Penguin Book of Contemporary Verse (Harmondsworth, UK, 1962) and the Anthology of Twentieth-Century British and Irish Poetry (Oxford University Press, 2001).

101
Geijer , Erik Gustaf

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Erik Gustaf Geijer (12 January 1783 – 23 April 1847) was a Swedish writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and composer. His writings served to promote Swedish National Romanticism. He also was an influential advocate of Liberalism.

102
Laetitia Barbauld , Anna

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Anna Letitia Barbauld, English poet and general writer, was born in Leicestershire, 1743, daughter of a Presbyterian minister named Aikin. She published a small volume of miscellaneous poems in 1772, and in 1773, in conjunction with her brother, Dr. John Aikin, a collection of pieces in prose. She was a prominent English Romantic poet, essayist, and children's author.

103
von Arnim , Ludwig Achim

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Ludwig Achim (Joachim) von Arnim (1781-1831) was a German poet and novelist born in Berlin.

104
Oehlenschläger , Adam Gottlob

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Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger (14 November 1779 – 20 January 1850) was a Danish poet and playwright. He introduced romanticism into Danish literature.

105
T'Hooft , Jotie

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Johan Geeraard Adriaan T'Hooft (9 May 1956 - 6 October 1977) was a Flemish Belgian neo-romantic poet .

106
Campbell , Wilfred

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William Wilfred Campbell (15 June 1860 – 1 January 1918) was a Canadian poet. He is often classed as one of the country's Confederation Poets, a group that included fellow Canadians Charles G.D. Roberts, Bliss Carman, Archibald Lampman, and Duncan Campbell Scott ; he was a colleague of Lampman and Scott. By the end of the 19th century, he was considered the "unofficial poet laureate of Canada ." Although not as well known as the other Confederation poets today, Campbell was a "versatile, interesting writer" who was influenced by Robert Burns, the English Romantics, Edgar Allan Poe, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Thomas Carlyle, and Alfred Tennyson. Inspired by these writers, Campbell expressed his own religious idealism in traditional forms and genres.

107
Cârlova , Vasile

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Vasile Cârlova (February 4, 1809 – September 18, 1831) was a Wallachian officer and early Romantic poet.

108
Thorarensen , Bjarni

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Bjarni Vigfússon Thorarensen (December 30, 1786 – August 24, 1841) was an Icelandic poet and official. He was deputy governor of northern and eastern Iceland. As a poet he was influenced by classicism and romanticism. Politically he was aligned with the Fjölnismenn and favored the reestablishment of the Althing at Þingvellir. He was a friend of Jónas Hallgrímsson whose own poetry was influenced by Bjarni's work.

109
Wyspianski , Stanislaw

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Stanislaw Wyspianski (Polish pronunciation:  [sta'iswaf v'spjaski] ; 15 January 1869 – 28 November 1907) was a Polish playwright, painter and poet, as well as interior and furniture designer. A patriotic writer, he created a series of symbolic, national dramas within the artistic philosophy of the Young Poland Movement. Wyspianski was one of the most outstanding and multifaceted artists of his time in Poland under the foreign partitions. He successfully joined the trends of modernism with themes of the Polish folk tradition and Romantic history. Unofficially, he came to be known as the Fourth Polish Bard (in addition to the earlier Three Bards : Adam Mickiewicz, Juliusz Slowacki, and Zygmunt Krasinski ).

110
Chalupka , Samo

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Samo Chalupka (27 February 1812, Horná Lehota, Brezno District - 19 May 1883, Horná Lehota) was a Slovak romantic poet .

111
Konosuke , Hinatsu

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Hinatsu Konosuke ( , February 22, 1890 - June 13, 1971) was the pen-name of a Japanese poet known for his romantic and gothic poetry patterned after English literature. His real name was Higuchi Kunito.

112
Bromige , David

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David Mansfield Bromige (October 22, 1933 – June 3, 2009) is a Canadian poet who resided in northern California from 1962 onward. Bromige published thirty books, each one so different from the others as to seem to be the work of a different author. [ citation needed ] Bromige is often associated with the language poets, but this connection is based mainly on his close friendships with some of those poets. It is difficult to fit Bromige into a slot. [ who ] He departs from language poetry in the thematic unity of many of his poems, in the uses to which he puts found materials, with the romantic aspect of his lyricism, and with the sheer variety of his approaches to the poem.

113
Pillai , Edappalli Raghavan

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Edappally Raghavan Pillai (Malayalam : ) (30 May 1909 – 4 July 1936) was a romantic Malayalam poet. He along with his close friend Changampuzha Krishna Pillai brought in a new breath of life into the Malayalam poetry of the 1930s. They are considered as Shelley and Keats of Malayalm poetry. In the history of poetries, perhaps in any language, the poem titled 'Ramanan' written by late 'Mahakavi' Changampuzha Krishna Pillai broke all records in its circulation and readership. It was first published in 1937 and within eight years 15 times it had to be reprinted, with thousands of copies in every reprint. (As on today 52 reprints have been brought out and lakhs of copies sold). People even wrote down completely in their own hand since the copies were not available in the market. This pastoral elegy, first of its kind in Malayalam language, was written by Changampuzha in memory of his friend and poet Edappally Raghavan Pillai. A short lived Raghavan Pillai is recognised as a poet with his notable contributions.

114
Rabelo , Laurindo

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Laurindo José da Silva Rabelo (July 8, 1826 — September 28, 1864) was a Brazilian Ultra-Romantic poet, teacher and medician. Famous for his lundu lyrics and satires, he won the epithet of "the Brazilian Bocage ", and, because of his physical appearance, the nickname " Poeta-Lagartixa " (" Gecko -Poet").

115
Sjöström , Axel Gabriel

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Axel Gabriel Sjöström (16 August 1794 – 11 December 1846) was a Finnish poet. He was born in Janakkala, and became professor of Greek at Helsinki in 1833. He married Margareta Sofia Helsberg in 1828. During his lifetime a few of his poems earned him a high, but short-lived, reputation in Finnish literary circles. Aside from original poetry, Sjöström also did translations from Greek (Homer, Euripides, Anacreon, Theocritus, and Johan Paulinus-Lillienstedt 's Magnus Principatus Finlandia ) and German (Goethe and Romantic poets).

116
Radulescu , Ion Heliade

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Ion Heliade Radulescu or Ion Heliade (also known as Eliad or Eliade Radulescu ; Romanian pronunciation:  ['i.on heli'ade rdu'lesku] ; January 6, 1802 – April 27, 1872) was a Wallachian -born Romanian academic, Romantic and Classicist poet, essayist, memoirist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician. A prolific translator of foreign literature into Romanian, he was also the author of books on linguistics and history. For much of his life, Heliade Radulescu was a teacher at Saint Sava College in Bucharest, which he helped reopen. He was a founding member and first president of the Romanian Academy .

117
Paraske , Larin

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Larin Paraske (December 27, 1833–January 3, 1904) was an Izhorian oral poet. She is considered a key figure in Finnish folk poetry and has been called the "Finnish Mnemosyne ". Her frequent listeners included several romantic nationalist artists, such as Jean Sibelius, seeking inspiration from her interpretations of Kalevala, an epic poem compiled from Finnish folklore by Elias Lönnrot.

118
Freire , Junqueira

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Luís José Junqueira Freire (December 31, 1832 – June 24, 1855) was a Brazilian poet and Benedictine monk, adept of the " Ultra-Romanticism " movement and author of Inspirações do Claustro. He is the patron of the 25th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters .

119
Malczewski , Antoni

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Antoni Malczewski (3 June 1793 – 2 May 1826) was an influential Polish romantic poet, known for his only work, "a narrative poem of dire pessimism ", Maria (1825).

120
Syrokomla , Wladyslaw

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Wladyslaw Syrokomla was the pseudonym of Ludwik Wladyslaw Franciszek Kondratowicz (1823–1862), a Polish - Lithuanian (Polish-Lithuanian ) romantic poet, writer and translator.

121
Moreau , Hégésippe

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Hégésippe Moreau (born Pierre-Jacques Roulliot ; April 8, 1810 – December 20, 1838) was a French lyric poet. From birth, he was called by the last name of his biological father (Moreau) and took on the pseudonym Hégésippe when he first began publishing poetry in 1829. In the imagination of the French romantics and the 19th century public, the difficulties of Hégésippe Moreau's life and his untimely death made him a romantic equivalent of the earlier poets Thomas Chatterton, Nicolas Joseph Laurent Gilbert and Jacques Clinchamps de Malfilâtre. This romantic myth was solidified by the publication of his complete works (together with the works of Gilbert and a list of poets who died of hunger) in 1856; the 1860 edition of his works included an important biographical preface by Sainte-Beuve .