Best Famous Urdu Poets of All-time

Urdu Poets. Famous Urdu Language Poets. A list of the top 100 most popular and best famous Urdu poets. Here are the best and most popular famous Urdu poets in history (with their best poetry).

Urdu poets are poets that write in urdu language. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan, and an official language of five Indian states and one of the 22 scheduled languages in the Constitution of India.

Urdu poetry is a rich tradition of poetry and has many different forms which were basically originated from Arabic and borrowing much from the Persian language, it is today an important part of the cultures of Pakistan and India. Like other languages, the history of Urdu poetry shares origins and influences with other linguistic traditions within the Urdu-Hindi-Hindustani mix.

Urdu Poetry

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Urdu Poets
1
Reddy , C. Narayana

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Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy is a famed Indian poet and writer. He goes by the name Cinare in his literature. Reddy was born on July 23, 1933 in Hanumajipet, Karimnagar, Telangana State, India. He is known as Cinare .

2
Kamal , Daud

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Daud Kamal 4 January 1935 - 5 December 1987(Urdu : )) was a Professor of English Literature at University of Peshawar, Pakistan. He was educated at Cambridge University, UK. Kamal started writing poetry in his twenties and became one of the major English language poets of Pakistan. He received three gold medals for his poetry from the Triton College and his poems were recorded for the Library of Congress, Washington DC. USA. ‘Remote Beginnings’ and ‘A Selection of Verse’ (ISBN 0-19-577812-X ), are his anthologies. He also did translations of the classic Urdu poet Ghalib in English.


3
Hashmi , Alamgir

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Alamgir Hashmi (Urdu: ) (also known as Aurangzeb Alamgir Hashmi) (born November 15, 1951) is a major English poet of Pakistani origin in the latter half of the 20th century. Considered avant-garde, both his early and later works were published to universal critical acclaim and widespread influence. His was a remarkable new voice since the 1970s; each of his successive books attested to an expanding world of cultural discernment and harmony, which he created in poems of peerless beauty.. English poet of Pakistani origin

4
Amjad , Majeed

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Majeed Amjad (1914 – 1974) (Urdu: ) was one of the greatest of modern Urdu poets of the Indian subcontinent. In the popular culture he is not as well known or widely read as Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Noon Meem Rashid, Nasir Kazmi or Meeraji but amongst the cognoscenti and many critics he is widely regarded as a philosophical poet of great depth and sensitivity. His refined poetic mind was not widely recognized in his lifetime as he lived a life of bureaucratic obscurity in a small West Punjabi town. Also, he was not in the forefront of any political literary movements (such as the leftist "Progressive Writers Movement") that actively promoted even mediocre poets from within their own ranks.. Punjabi Urdu poet


5
Ghalib , Mirza

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One of the best-known Urdu poets of all times, Mirza Ghalib is a name that is synonymous with Urdu poetry. Born Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, Ghalib was a pen name he adopted. It is like a pseudonym that most poets and writers adopt in the literary world. The life history of Ghalib is truly interesting and Ghalib biography indeed makes a good read. Ghalib was born in Agra, India in Turkish aristocratic ancestry on 27th December 1796.

6
Aali , Jamiluddin

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Nawabzada Mirza Jamiluddin Ahmed Khan (Urdu : ) better known as Jamiluddin Aali (Urdu : ), PP, HI, (born 20 January 1926 in Delhi ) is a noted Urdu poet, critic, playwright, essayist, columnist, and scholar of Pakistan .

7
Bismil , Ram Prasad

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Ram Prasad Bismil   pronunciation   (help · info ) (11 June 1897 – 19 December 1927) was an Indian revolutionary who participated in Mainpuri Conspiracy of 1918, and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925, both against British Empire. As well as being a freedom fighter, he was also a patriotic poet and wrote in Hindi and Urdu using the pen names Ram, Agyat and Bismil. But, he became popular with the last name "Bismil" only. He was associated with Arya Samaj where he got inspiration from Satyarth Prakash, a book written by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. He also had a confidential connection with Lala Har Dayal through his guru Swami Somdev, a preacher of Arya Samaj.

8
Hali , Altaf Hussain

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Altaf Hussain Hali (1837–1914) (Urdu : — Alaf usain ali ), known with his honorifics as Maulana Khawaja Hali, was an Urdu poet and   writer. Hali occupies a special position in the history of Urdu literature. He was a poet, prose-writer, critic, teacher and reformer. He was a close  friend  of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. [ citation needed ]

9
Sehgal , Ehsan

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Ehsan Sehgal (Urdu : , Hindi), born Khawaja Ehsan Elahi Sehgal (Urdu : ) on 15 November 1951, is a Pakistani Urdu poet and writer who moved to The Netherlands in 1978 to escape the political strife in Pakistan, and has lived in the Netherlands since 1978. He is also a journalist and activist for democracy and the freedom of the press and of speech.

10
Naheed , Kishwar

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Kishwar Naheed (Urdu) (born 1940) is a feminist Urdu poet from Pakistan. She has written several poetry books. She has also received awards including Sitara-e-Imtiaz for her literary contribution towards Urdu literature.

11
Sarmast , Sachal

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Sachal Sarmast (1739–1829) (Sindhi : , Urdu) was a Sufi poet from Sindh, of what is today Pakistan, during the Talpur era. He was born in Daraza near Ranipur, Sindh. His real name was Abdul Wahab Farouqi and "Sachal" or "Sachoo" were his nicknames. He also used it in his own poetry. Sachu means truthful in Sindhi while Sarmast means mystic in Sindhi and Urdu. Sachal Sarmast literally means 'truthful mystic' or can be translated as Ecstatic Saint of Truth. His father died when he was a young child, and Abdul Wahab was raised by his uncle, who also became his spiritual master. He married, but the young woman died two years later. He never remarried. Sarmast lived a humble, ascetic life, preferring solitude, simple meals of daal and yogurt. It is said that he never left Daraza, the village of his birth.

12
Atish , Khwaja Haidar Ali

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Khwaja Haider Ali Aatish (1778–1848) (Urdu: ) of Lucknow was an Urdu poet.

13
Akhtar , Pandit Harichand

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Pandit Harichand Akhtar (1901-1958), (urdu)(hindi) was a well-known journalist who was also a renowned Urdu Ghazal poet. He was born in Hoshiarpur, Punjab, on 15 April 1901. He was fluent in the use of Urdu, Persian and English languages. Having passed the Munshi Fazil Examination soon after Matriculation, he obtained M.A. (English) degree from the Punjab University, Lahore. He spent a greater part of his life in Lahore writing for Paras, Lahore, the Newspaper that was then owned and edited by Lala Karam Chand; he was also employed in the office of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. After the formation of Pakistan he shifted to Delhi where he died on 1 January 1958.

14
Sarma , Gunturu Seshendra

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Gunturu Seshendra Sarma B.A. BL (October 20, 1927 – May 30, 2007), also known as Yuga Kavi, was a Telugu poet, critic and litterateur. He is well known for his works Naa Desam, Naa Prajalu (Telugu : , ) and Kaala Rekha (Telugu). He authored over fifty works which have been translated into English, Kannada, Urdu, Bengali, Hindi, Nepali and Greek.

15
Allahabadi , Akbar

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Akbar Hussain Rizvi, popularly known as Akbar Allahabadi (Urdu: ) (October, 1846 ; 15 February 1921), was an Indian Urdu poet.

16
Nandy , Pritish

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Pritish Nandy (born 15 January 1951) is an Indian poet, painter, journalist, politician, media and television personality, animal activist and film producer. He was member of Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament representing Maharashtra based party Shiv Sena. He has published a number of poetry books in English and translated poems by other writers from Bengali and Urdu into English.

17
Akbarabadi , Nazeer

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Nazeer Akbarabadi (Urdu : — Nair Akbar Abadi ) (real name "Wali Muhammad") (1735–1830) was an 18th-century Indian poet known as "Father of Nazm", who wrote Urdu ghazals and nazms under nom de plume (takhallus ) "Nazeer", most remembered for his poems like Banjaranama (Chronicle of the Nomad), a satire. His father was Muhammad Farooq and his mother was the daughter of Nawab Sultan Khan who was the governor of Agra Fort. Agra, the Indian city, was known as Akbarabad after Mughal emperor Akbar at that time. He used simple, everyday language in his poems, which made them popular in the masses.

18
Iqbal , Allama Muhammad

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Allama Muhammad Iqbal is one of the greatest Urdu poets in the contemporary world. Iqbal is famous for his poetry in Urdu and Persian. He is also given much credit for his works on political and religious philosophy in Islam. The life history of Allama Muhammad Iqbal is very interesting and this section titled as Allama Muhammad Iqbal biography shall give you further information about his life.

19
Bedil ,

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Faqir Qadir Bux Bedil (1815–1873)(Sindhi : ) better known by his nom de plume Bedil (one bereft of heart), was a Sufi Poet and scholar of great stature.After Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast other two stars that shone on the firmament of Sindhi poetry and who could measure up to them in excellence, were the father and son – Bedil and Bekas. They wrote poetry both in Sindhi and Persian. Bedil was well versed in a number of languages, Sindhi, Saraiki, Persian, Urdu, Arabic and Hindi. He has written poetry in Sindhi, Saraiki, Urdu, Persian and even in Hindi.

20
Zafar , Bahadur Shah

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The last Mughal emperor of India, Bahadur Shah Zafar II (1775-1862) was born Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar and was a very famous Urdu poet in his times. His poems are still read with much enthusiasm and admiration among the numerous Urdu poetry fans.

21
Gulzar ,

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Gulzar was born Sampooran Singh at Deena in Pakistan in the year 1934. After partition in 1947, he came to Delhi. Gulzar started his career as an assistant to celebrated director Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. He started his career as a lyricist with Bimal Roy's 'Bandini'. Urdu

22
Bhittai , Shah Abdul Latif

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Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai (also referred to by the honorifics: Lakhino Latif, Latif Ghot, Bhittai, and Bhitt Jo Shah ) (1689 – 1752) (Sindhi : , Urdu :, ) is famous Sindhi Sufi scholar, mystic, saint, poet, and musician. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest poets of the Sindhi language. His collected poems were assembled in the compilation Shah Jo Risalo, which exists in numerous versions and has been translated to English, Urdu, and other languages. His work has been compared frequently to great Persian poet Rumi. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Professor of Islamic studies at George Washington University, described Shah Latif as a "direct emanation of Rumi's spirituality in South Asia."

23
Jafri , Zamir

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Zamir Jafri (Urdu) (January 1, 1916 – May 12, 1999) was a Pakistani poet born in Dina Jhelum. He became famous for his Urdu humorous poetry and also wrote humorous columns in the newspapers and periodicals. After graduating from Punjab University, he joined the army’s public relation department during World War II and retired as a major. One of his sons is a three-star general, Gen Syed Ehtasham Zamir and serving in Pakistan army while another lives in the U.S. He published more than 50 books in Urdu. His actions showed his simplicity and honesty which he carried forth throughout his life. He gradually embarked on a mission to work for the people of Pakistan, and began reaching out to these people from all spheres of life - devoting his time to carry on social work so as to create harmony and well-being in the society. Now his son Gen Syed Ehtasham Zamir and his grandson Syed Ali Ehtasham(Journalist/Entrepreneur)are determined to continue and carry out the legacy he left behind.They are Operating a Non Profit foundation(Syed Zamir Jafri Foundation)which provides: health services, educational means and awareness, legal aid, development of the literary institution and other miscellaneous structures to strengthen the underprivileged communities of Pakistan and also Mata-e-Zamir an archive of his books and contributions. He graduated from Islamia College, Lahore.

24
Khusro , Amir

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Ab'ul Hasan Yamin ud-Din Khusrow (1253–1325 CE) Hindi , (Urdu : ;, better known as Amir Khusrow (also Khusrau, Khusro) Dehlawi (meaning Amir Khusrow of Delhi) ( ) was a Sufi musician, great poet and scholar. A polymath an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. A mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi. Amir Khusrow was not only a notable poet but also a prolific and seminal musician in the time of the Delhi Sultanate, being reputed to have invented both the Sitar and the Tabla. He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. A vocabulary in verse, the haliq Bari, containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindavi terms is often attributed to him.

25
Azmi , Kaifi

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Born as Akhtar Hussain Rizvi in a family of landlords of a small town of Uttar Pradesh, Kaifi Azmi was a very renowned Urdu poet of India. Though his father, Syed Fateh Hussain Rizvi was a landlord, he also worked as a Tehsildar in a small state in Uttar Pradesh. Urdu

26
Arif , Iftikhar

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Iftikhar Hussain Arif (Urdu : ) commonly known as Iftikhar Arif ( ) (b. March 21, 1943 Lucknow ) is an Urdu poet, scholar and littérateur from Pakistan. His style is romantic Urdu poetry. He has headed Academy Adbiyat (the Pakistan Academy of Letters ) and Muqtadra Quami Zaban (the National Language Authority ). He has been decorated with Hilal-e-Imtiaz, Sitara-e-Imtiaz and Presidential Pride of Performance, which are the highest literary awards given by the Government of Pakistan.

27
Kumar Sharma 'Rasik' , Krishan

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Hindi, Punjabi, English and Urdu poet and writer

28
Anis , Mir Babar Ali

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Mir Baber Ali Anees (Urdu: ) was a renowned Urdu poet. He was born in 1803 in Faizabad, Oudh now in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and died in 1874 in Lucknow, North-Western Provinces .

29
Danish , Ehsan

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Ehsan Danish (Urdu : — Esan Daniš, 1914—1982), born Ehsan-ul-Haq (Urdu : — Esanu l-aq ), was a prominent Urdu poet from the Indian subcontinent. At the beginning of his career his poetry was very romantic but later he wrote his poems more for the labourers and came to be called "Šair-e Mazdur" (Poet of the workmen) by his audience. His poetry inspired the common people’s feelings and he has been compared with Josh Malihabadi. He holds the unique position as one of the best poets of all times, with fine, romantic and revolutionary, but simple style of poetry.

30
Anand , Satyapal

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Satyapal Anand (Hindi : , Urdu : ) born April 24, 1931, is a poet, critic and writer from India. He has written several fictional and poetry books in four languages: English, Urdu, Hindi and Punjabi. He has also received awards for his literary work.

31
Aatish ,

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Khwaja Haider Ali Aatish (1778–1848) (Urdu: ) of Lucknow was an Urdu poet.

32
Khosrow , Amir

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Ab'ul Hasan Yamīn ud-Dīn Khusrow (1253–1325 CE) (Urdu: ابوالحسن یمین‌الدین خسرو‎; Hindi: अबुल हसन यमीनुद्दीन ख़ुसरौ), better known as Amīr Khusrow (also Khusrau, Khusro) Dehlawī (meaning Amir Khusrow of Delhi) (امیر خسرو دہلوی; अमीर ख़ुसरौ दहलवी), was an Indian musician, scholar and poet. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. A Sufi mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, Amīr Khusrow was not only a notable poet but also a prolific and seminal musician. He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. He compiled the oldest known printed dictionary (Khaliq-e-bari) in 1320 which mainly dealt with Hindvi (Hindi) and Persian words.

33
Iqbal , Zafar

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Zafar Iqbal (Urdu : — afar Iqbal ), an Urdu poet, based in Okara, Pakistan, is known for his innovative style of poetry, in the genre of ghazal. The diction of his ghazal is entirely different from traditional Urdu poetry, making him popular and unpopular at the same time. He is a lawyer by profession, and regularly contributes articles to an Urdu newspaper, Daily Jinnah.

34
Nomani , Shibli

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Allamah Shibli Nomani (Urdu : — Allamah Šibli Nomani ) (June 3, 1857 - November 18, 1914, Azamgarh ) was a respected scholar of Islam from Indian subcontinent during British Raj. He was born at Bindwal in Azamgarh district of present-day Uttar Pradesh. He is known for the founding the Shibli National College in 1883 and the Darul Mussanifin in Azamgarh. Shibli was a versatile scholar in Arabic, Persian, Hindi, Turkish and Urdu. He was also a poet. He collected much material on the life of Prophet of Islam, Muhammad but could write only first two volumes of the planned work the Sirat-un-Nabi. His disciple, Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, made use of this material and added his own and wrote remaining five volumes of the work, the Sirat-un-Nabi after the death of his mentor.

35
Sahar , Kunwar Mohinder Singh Bedi

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Kunwar Mohinder Singh Bedi (Urdu : ) pen name Sahar was an Indian Urdu poet. The Times of India called him a "noted Urdu poet".

36
Al-e-Ahmad , Syed

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Syed Al-e-Ahmad (Urdu : ) was a well known Pakistani urdu poet, primarily of the Ghazal form, but also of Nazm. He used unique diction for his remarkable expressions regarding life and society.

37
Huma , Meher Baba

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Meher Baba (25 February 1894 – 31 January 1969), born Merwan Sheriar Irani, was an Indian mystic and spiritual master who declared publicly in 1954 that he was the Avatar of the age. He led a normal life and grew up like any other boy, going to school and college and finishing education. The life history of Meher Baba is a very interesting and an extraordinary event. Indian Urdu.

38
Abid , Abid Ali

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Syed Abid Ali Abid (Urdu : ) was an Urdu and Persian poet and educator who was born on 17 September 1906 in Dera Ismail Khan, British India and died in Lahore, Pakistan on 20 January 1971.

39
Phool , Tanwir

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Tanwir Phool, or Tanwiruddin Ahmad Phool (born 1948 in Muzaffarpur, India) is the pen name of Tanwiruddin Ahmad Siddiqui, a Pakistani author and poet, writing in Urdu and English.. English & Urdu Pakistani poet

40
Masood , Anwar

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Anwar Masood (Urdu : ), (born November 8, 1935) is a Pakistani poet known for his comic poetry, however, his works include other genres as well. He writes in Punjabi, Urdu and Persian language.

41
Gorakhpuri , Firaq

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Firaq Gorakhpuri was born Raghupati Sahay in the year 1896 at Gorakhpur District of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Born to a family of aristocrats, Firaq had a taste of Urdu poetry at very tender age. He started writing poetry in Urdu in teens and developed his own niche in an era that was marked by the likes of Sahir, Iqbal, Faiz and Kaifi.

42
Elia , Jon

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Jaun Elia (Urdu : , December 14, 1931 – November 8, 2002) was a notable Pakistani Urdu -language poet, philosopher, biographer, and scholar. He was the brother of journalist and psychoanalyst Rais Amrohvi and journalist and philosopher Syed Muhammad Taqi, and husband of columnist Zahida Hina. He was fluent in Arabic, English, Persian, Sanskrit and Hebrew .

43
Danish , Noon Meem

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Noor Mohammed Danish (Urdu : ; born 1958) is a Pakistani poet of African and Baloch descent. He is more commonly known as Noon Meem Danish or N. M. Danish .

44
Ansari , Sahar

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Professor Sahar Ansari, TI (Urdu) is an Urdu poet, critic, and scholar of Urdu literature and linguistics from Pakistan. [ citation needed ] He remained associated with the University of Karachi as Professor and Chairman of Urdu department.

45
Amrohvi , Rais

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Syed Muhammad Mehdi, known as Rais Amrohvi (or Raees Amrohvi ) () (1988-1914) was a noted scholar, Urdu poet and psychoanalyst from Pakistan .

46
Ashraf , Syed Waheed

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Syed Waheed Ashraf is an Indian Sufi, scholar and poet of Persian and Urdu languages. He obtained his B.A., M.A. and PhD (1965) from Aligarh Muslim University. The topic of his PhD dissertation was 'A critical edition of Lataife Ashrafi'. After serving in many universities (Punjabi University at Patiala, M.S. University of Baroda, University of Madras) in India, he retired as Head, Department of Arabic, Persian and Urdu, University of Madras, India, in 1993. Conversant with over half a dozen languages (Pahlavi, Persian, Arabic, Urdu, English, Hindi, Gujarati), he writes in Urdu, Persian and English [ citation needed ] and has authored/edited/compiled over 35 books and numerous research articles. He is a recipient of several awards and honours from within India and abroad. [ 20 ] [ 21 ] [ 22 ] He has focused on upholding and propagating the principles and practices of Sufism.

47
Zaidi , Mustafa

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Mustafa Zaidi (1930-1970) was a progressive Urdu poet whose work and literary accomplishments remain popular and relevant today. [ citation needed ] He was born on 16 October 1930 in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh (UP), India to Lakhte Hasnain and Binte Haider. His father was a senior official in the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) of the UP Province, with roots in Meman Saadat, a village in district Bijnor. Mustafa Zaidi grew up in a household with five elder half brothers and was the second of three full brothers. [ citation needed ]

48
Jalandhari , Hafeez

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Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri (Urdu : ) (born 14 January 1900 - died 21 December 1982) was a Pakistani Urdu -language poet who famously wrote the lyrics for the National Anthem of Pakistan.

49
Mohani , Hasrat

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Maulana Hasrat Mohani (b. 1875 Unnao, d. 1951 Lucknow ) (Urdu : — M¯lána asrat Mohani ) was a Romantic Poet of Urdu language, journalist, politician, parliamentarian of British India, besides a being a part of the Indian Independence Movement .

50
Elia , Jaun

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Jaun Elia (Urdu : , December 14, 1931 – November 8, 2002) was a notable Pakistani Urdu -language poet, philosopher, biographer, and scholar. He was the brother of journalist and psychoanalyst Rais Amrohvi and journalist and philosopher Syed Muhammad Taqi, and husband of columnist Zahida Hina. He was fluent in Arabic, English, Persian, Sanskrit and Hebrew .

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