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Spanish Poets

Spanish Poets and their poems. A list of the top 100 most popular and best famous Spanish poets. Here are the best and most popular famous Spanish poets in history (with their best poetry).

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Spanish Poets
1
Neruda , Pablo

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Pablo Neruda is a Chilean poet, author, and communist activist considered one of the most influential poets of the 20th century. His real name was Ricardo Eliecer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto.

2
Paz , Octavio

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A Mexican writer, poet, and diplomat, and the winner of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Literature.. Mexican writer poet and diplomat

3
Borges , Jorge Luis

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An Argentine writer who is considered one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century.. Argentine short-story writer essayist poet and translator

4
Mistral , Gabriela

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Gabriela Mistral is Chilean poet educator diplomat and feminist; Nobel Prize in Literature in 1945. Gabriela Mistral was the pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, born on April 7, 1889 in Vicuña, Chile.

5
Agustini , Delmira

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Delmira Agustini was born in Montevideo, Uruguay on October 24, 1886. She is considered one of the greatest female Latin American and Uruguayan poets of the early 20th century.

6
Martí , José

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José Julián Martí Pérez was a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. In his short life he was a poet, an essayist, a journalist, a revolutionary philosopher, a translator, a professor, a publisher, and a political theorist. He was also a part of the Cuban Freemasons.

7
Machado , Antonio

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Spanish poet; a leader of the Generation of '98.

8
García Lorca , Federico

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Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca was a Spanish poet, dramatist and theatre director. García Lorca achieved international recognition as an emblematic member of the Generation of '27. He was executed by Nationalist forces during the Spanish Civil War. In 2008, a Spanish judge opened an investigation into Lorca's death. The García Lorca family eventually dropped objections to the excavation of a potential gravesite near Alfacar. However, no human remains were found.

9
Burgos , Julia de

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Julia de Burgos is considered by many as the greatest poet born in Puerto Rico, and, along with Gabriela Mistral, one of the greatest female poets of Latin America. As an advocate of Puerto Rican independence, she served as Secretary General of the Daughters of Freedom, the women's branch of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. She was also an ardent civil rights activist for women and African/Afro-Caribbean writers.

10
Nin , Anais

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Anaïs Nin (Spanish:  [ana'is 'nin] ; born Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell, February 21, 1903 – January 14, 1977) was an American author born to Spanish-Cuban parents in France, where she was also raised. She spent some time in Spain and Cuba but lived most of her life in the United States where she became an established author. She published journals (which span more than 60 years, beginning when she was 11 years old and ending shortly before her death), novels, critical studies, essays, short stories, and erotica. A great deal of her work, including Delta of Venus and Little Birds, was published posthumously.

11
Adolfo Becquer , Gustavo

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Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida, better known as Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, was a Spanish post-romanticist poet and writer (mostly short stories), also a playwright, literary columnist, and talented drawer. Today he is considered one of the most important figures in Spanish literature. He adopted the alias of Bécquer as his brother Valeriano Bécquer, a painter, had done earlier. He was associated with the post-romanticism movement and wrote while realism was enjoying success in Spain. He was moderately well known during his life, but it was after his death that most of his works were published. His best known works are the Rhymes and the Legends, usually published together as Rimas y leyendas.

12
Storni , Alfonsina

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. Latin American Modernist poet

13
Pla , Josefina

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Josefina Pla was a Spanish poet, playwright, art critic, painter and journalist.

14
Castellanos , Rosario

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Rosario Castellanos was a Mexican poet and author. Along with the other members of the Generation of 1950 (the poets who wrote following the Second World War, influenced by César Vallejo and others), she was one of Mexico's most important literary voices in the last century.

15
Ardalani , Elvia

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Elvia Ardalani or Elvia García Ardalani (born June 4, 1963 in Heroica Matamoros Tamaulipas, Mexico ), is a Mexican writer, poet, and storyteller. She is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures at the University of Texas–Pan American, where she teaches Creative Writing and Spanish Literature .

16
Arrillaga , Maria

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María Arrillaga is a Puerto Rican poet who has been a professor at the University of Puerto Rico. She taught in the Spanish department on the Rio Piedras campus. She is a member of PEN 's women's committee and a past secretary. She is the author of several collections of poetry. She currently lives in New York City and Old San Juan, Puerto Rico .

17
Benedetti , Mario

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Mario Orlando Hardy Hamlet Brenno Benedetti Farrugia (Spanish pronunciation:  ['majo ßene'ðeti]  (listen ) ; 14 September 1920 – 17 May 2009), known as Mario Benedetti, was an Uruguayan journalist, novelist, and poet as well as being an integral member of the Generación del 45. In spite of publishing more than 80 books and being published in twenty languages he was not well known in the English-speaking world, but in the Spanish -speaking world he was considered one of Latin America 's most important writers from the latter half of the 20th-century.

18
Juana Inés de la Cruz , Sor

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Sor (Sister) Juana Inés de la Cruz (12 November 1648 – 17 April 1695), fully Juana Inés de Asbaje y Ramírez de Santillana, was a self-taught scholar and poet of the Baroque school, and nun of New Spain. Although she lived in a colonial era when Mexico was part of the Spanish Empire, she is considered today a Mexican writer, and stands at the beginning of the history of Mexican literature in the Spanish language.. 17th Century Mexican poet

19
de Albornoz , Aurora

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Aurora de Albornoz (January 22, 1926 – June 6, 1990) was born in Luarca, Asturias, Spain. As a youth, she lived in Luarca with her parents, sister, and extended family, throughout the Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939— an event that inspired her later poetry.. 20th century Spanish poet

20
Trudell , John

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John Trudell (born February 15, 1946) is an American author, poet, actor, musician, and former political activist. He was the spokesperson for the United Indians of All Tribes ' takeover of Alcatraz beginning in 1969, broadcasting as Radio Free Alcatraz. During most of the 1970s, he served as the chairman of the American Indian Movement, based in Minneapolis, Minnesota .

21
Xavier , Emanuel

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Emanuel Xavier (born May 3, 1971), is an American poet, spoken word artist, novelist, editor, and activist born and raised in New York City, in the Bushwick area of Brooklyn. Of Puerto Rican and Ecuadorian ancestry, he emerged from the neo- Nuyorican spoken word movement to become a successful writer and advocate for gay youth programs and Latino gay literature. Once a street hustler and drug dealer, he has conducted spoken word poetry workshops and produced benefits and events for youth organizations around the United States.

22
Alegria , Claribel

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Clara Isabel Alegría Vides (born May 12, 1924) is a Nicaraguan poet, essayist, novelist, and journalist who is a major voice in the literature of contemporary Central America. She writes under the pseudonym Claribel Alegría. She was awarded the 2006 Neustadt International Prize for Literature .

23
Cervantes , Lorna Dee

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Lorna Dee Cervantes (b. August 6, 1954, in San Francisco, California ) is an award-winning Chicana, Native American (Chumash ), feminist, activist poet who is considered one of the major Chicana poets of the past 40 years. She has been described by Alurista, as "probably the best Chicana poet active today." Lorna Dee Cervantes was born in 1954 in California. She grew up in San Jose, speaking English exclusively. This was strictly enforced by her parents, who allowed only English to be spoken at home by her and her brother. This was to avoid the racism that was occurring in her community at that time. Lorna Dee Cervantes was an associate professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder until 2007. She considers herself "a Chicana writer, a feminist writer, a political writer" (Cervantes). Her collections of poetry, Emplumada, From the Cable of Genocide, Drive: The First Quartet and Ciento: 100 100-Word Love Poems are held in high esteem and have attracted numerous nominations and awards. She is currently the Regents Lecturer at UC Berkeley, California for the 2011/12 year. In an interview conducted by Sonia V. Gonzalez, the poet states that through writing and publishing, “I was trying to give back that gift that had saved me when I discovered, again, African-American women’s poetry. I was having this vision of some little Chicana in San Antonio [Texas] going, scanning the shelves, like I used to do, scanning the shelves for women’s names, or Spanish surnames, hoping she’ll pull it out, relate to it. So it was intentionally accessible poetry, intended to bridge that gap, that literacy gap.” Cervantes was actively involved in the publication of numerous Chicana/o writers from the 1970s onwards when she produced her own Chicana/o literary journal,MANGO "which was the first to publish Sandra Cisneros, Jimmy Santiago Baca, Alberto Rios, Ray Gonzalez, Ronnie Burk, and Orlando Ramírez [co-editor]. Cervantes and MANGO also championed the early work of writers Gary Soto, José Montoya, José Montalvo, José Antonio Burciaga, and her personal favourite, Luís Omar Salinas"

24
Espino , Alfredo

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Alfredo Espino (1900—August 1928) was a poet from El Salvador. Born in Ahuachapán, his only book is Jícaras Tristes (Sad Vessels), a collection of 96 poems. It is one of the most published books of poetry in El Salvador. Espino died in San Salvador .

25
Alberti , Rafael

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Rafael Alberti Merello (16 December 1902 – 28 October 1999) was a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27. He is considered one of the greatest literary figures of the so-called Silver Age of Spanish Literature, and he won numerous prizes and awards. He died aged 96. After the Spanish Civil War, he went into exile because of his Marxist beliefs. On his return to Spain after the death of Franco, he was named Hijo Predilecto de Andalucía in 1983 and Doctor Honoris Causa by the Universidad de Cádiz in 1985.

26
Cernuda , Luis

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Luis Cernuda (born Luis Cernuda Bidón September 21, 1902, Seville – November 5, 1963, Mexico City), was a Spanish poet and literary critic.. Spanish poet and literary critic

27
Alonso , Damaso

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Dámaso Alonso y Fernández de las Redondas (22 October 1898 – 25 January 1990) was a Spanish poet, philologist and literary critic. Though a member of the Generation of '27, his best-known work dates from the 1940s onwards.. Spanish poet philologist and literary critic

28
Nervo , Amado

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Amado Nervo (August 27, 1870 – May 24, 1919) also known as Juan Crisóstomo Ruiz de Nervo was the Mexican Ambassador to Argentina and Uruguay, journalist, poet, and educator. His poetry was known for its use of metaphor and reference to mysticism, presenting both love and religion, as well as Christianity and Hinduism. Nervo is noted as one of the most important Mexican poets of the 19th century.

29
Salinas , Pedro

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Pedro Salinas y Serrano (27 November 1891, Madrid – 4 December 1951, Boston ) was a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27, as well as a university teacher, scholar and literary critic. In 1937, he delivered the Turnbull lectures at Johns Hopkins University. These were later published under the title Reality and the Poet in Spanish Poetry.

30
Alurista ,

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Alberto Baltazar Urista Heredia (born August 8, 1947) better known by his nom de plume Alurista, a Chicano poet and activist .

31
Aleixandre , Vicente

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Vicente Pío Marcelino Cirilo Aleixandre y Merlo (April 26, 1898 – December 13, 1984) was a Spanish poet who was born in Seville. Aleixandre was a Nobel Prize laureate for Literature in 1977. He was part of the Generation of '27. He died in Madrid in 1984.. Spanish poet Nobel Laureate 1977

32
Andrade , Jorge Carrera

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Jorge Carrera Andrade was an Ecuadorian poet, historian, author, and diplomat during the 20th century. He was born in Quito, Ecuador in 1902. He died in 1978. During his life and after his death he has been recognized with Jorge Luis Borges, Pablo Neruda, Octavio Paz and Cesar Vallejo as one of the most important Latin American poets of the twentieth century.

33
Bécquer , Gustavo Adolfo

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Gustavo Adolfo Claudio Domínguez Bastida, better known as Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, was a Spanish post-romanticist poet and writer (mostly short stories), also a playwright, literary columnist, and talented drawer. Today he is considered one of the most important figures in Spanish literature. He adopted the alias of Bécquer as his brother Valeriano Bécquer, a painter, had done earlier. He was associated with the post-romanticism movement and wrote while realism was enjoying success in Spain. He was moderately well known during his life, but it was after his death that most of his works were published. His best known works are the Rhymes and the Legends, usually published together as Rimas y leyendas.

34
Arguedas , José María

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José María Arguedas Altamirano (18 January 1911 – 28 November 1969) was a Peruvian novelist, poet, and anthropologist. Arguedas was a mestizo of Spanish and Quechua descent who wrote novels, short stories, and poems in both Spanish and Quechua .

35
Granado , Javier del

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Don Francisco Javier del Granado y Granado (27 February 1913 – 15 May 1996), was a poet laureate and favorite son of Bolivia .

36
Castillo , Ana

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Ana Castillo (born 15 June 1953) is a Mexican-American Chicana novelist, poet, short story writer, essayist, editor, playwright, translator and independent scolar. Considered as one of the leading voices in Chicana experience, known for her daring and experimental style as a Latino novelist. Her works offer pungent and passionate socio-political comment that is based on established oral and literary traditions. Castillo's interest in race and gender issues can be traced throughout her writing career. Her novel, Sapogonia was a New York Times Notable Book of the Year. She is the editor of "La Tolteca", an arts and literary magazine. Castillo held the first Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Endowed Chair at DePaul University. She has attained a number of awards including an American Book Award from the Before Columbus Foundation for her first novel, "The Mixquiahuala Letters", a Carl Sandburg Award, a Mountains and Plains Booksellers Award, a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts in fiction and poetry and in 1998 Sor Juana Achievement Award by the Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum in Chicago.

37
Machado , Manuel

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Manuel Machado y Ruiz (29 August 1874 in Seville – 19 January 1947 in Madrid ) was a Spanish poet and a prominent member of the Generation of 98 .

38
Castro , Rosalía de

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María Rosalía Rita de Castro (Galician pronunciation:  [rosa'li.a ðe 'kasto] ; 24 February 1837 – 15 July 1885), was a Galician romanticist writer and poet .

39
Espronceda , José de

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José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado was a Romantic Spanish poet.

40
Saornil , Lucía Sánchez

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Lucía Sánchez Saornil (December 13, 1895 – June 2, 1970), was a Spanish poet, militant anarchist and feminist. She is best known as one of the founders of Mujeres Libres and served in the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) and Solidaridad Internacional Antifascista (SIA).

41
Jiles , Paulette

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Paulette Jiles-Johnson (born 4 Apr 1943) is an American -born Canadian poet and novelist. Born in Salem, Missouri, she was educated at the University of Illinois in Spanish literature. Jiles moved to Canada in 1969. She is married to Jim Johnson and has three stepchildren and six grandchildren. Currently she lives in San Antonio, Texas .

42
Adoum , Jorge Enrique

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Jorge Enrique Adoum (Ambato, June 29, 1926 – Quito, July 3, 2009) was an Ecuadorian writer, poet, politician, and diplomat. He was one of the major exponents of Latin American poetry. Social concerns were always present in his work.

43
Dalton , Roque

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Roque Dalton García (San Salvador, El Salvador, 14 May 1935 – Quezaltepeque, El Salvador, 10 May 1975) was a leftist Salvadoran poet and journalist. He is considered one of Latin America's most compelling poets. He wrote emotionally strong, sometimes sarcastic, and image-loaded works dealing with life, death, love, and politics.. Salvadoran poet

44
Guerrero , Manuel Ortiz

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Manuel Ortiz Guerrero was a Paraguayan poet and musician.

45
Stachura , Edward

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Edward Stachura ['dvard sta'xura]  (listen ) (18 August 1937—24 July 1979) was a Polish poet and writer. He rose to prominence in the 1960s, receiving prizes for both poetry and prose. His literary output includes four volumes of poetry, three collections of short stories, two novels, a book of essays, and the final work, Fabula rasa, which is difficult to classify. In addition to writing, Stachura translated literature from Spanish and French, most notably works of Jorge Luis Borges, Gaston Miron and Michel Deguy. He also wrote songs, and occasionally performed them. He committed suicide at the age of forty-one.

46
De La Rocha , Zack

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Zacarías Manuel "Zack" de la Rocha (born January 12, 1970) is an American musician, poet, rapper and activist best known as the vocalist and lyricist of Rage Against the Machine from 1991–2000, and since the band's reunion in 2007. He left Rage Against the Machine in October 2000, and embarked on a low-key solo career. With Mars Volta drummer Jon Theodore, de la Rocha co-founded One Day as a Lion in 2007. They released one album in 2008.

47
Rokha , Pablo de

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Pablo de Rokha is a Chilean poet born October 17, 1894 in Licantén, Chile ; died September 10, 1968 in Santiago, Chile. He won the Chilean Premio Nacional de Literatura (National Literature Prize in 1965 and is counted among the The four greats of Chilean poetry, along with Pablo Neruda, Vicente Huidobro and Gabriela Mistral. He is considered an avant-garde poet and an influential figure in the poetry scene of his country.

48
de Unamuno , Miguel

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Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo (29 September 1864, Bilbao, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain – 31 December 1936, Salamanca, Salamanca, Castile and León, Spain) was a Basque essayist, novelist, poet, playwright and philosopher.. Spanish essayist novelist poet playwright and philosopher

49
Parra , Nicanor

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Nicanor Parra Sandoval (born September 5, 1914) is a mathematician and poet born in San Fabián de Alico, Chile, who has been considered to be a popular poet in Chile with enormous influence and popularity in Latin America, and also considered one of the most important poets of the Spanish language literature. He describes himself as an "anti-poet," due to his distaste for standard poetic pomp and function—after recitations he would exclaim Me retracto de todo lo dicho, or, "I take back everything I said".. Chilean mathematician and poet

50
Sabines , Jaime

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Jaime Sabines Gutiérrez (March 25, 1926 - March 19, 1999) was a Mexican contemporary poet. Known as “the sniper of Literature” [ citation needed ] as he formed part of a group that transformed literature into reality, he wrote ten volumes of poetry, and his work has been translated into more than twelve languages. His writings chronicle the experience of everyday people in places such as the street, hospital, and playground. Sabines was also a politician.

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