An ABC composition is the kind of poem where every word starts with a consecutive letter of the alphabet. In this type of poem, where a first word starts with A, its second word starts with B and it goes on like that. It can also depict poems where each line starts with a consecutive letter of the alphabetical order. These lines, usually 5 in number, create imagery, mood, and feeling where phrases 1 through to 4 are made of phrases, words and/ or clauses. The fifth line can begin with any letter and is usually composed as a sentence.
A variation of this type of poetry is where a writer can use any sound of the alphabet to start a phrase and follow it up with consecutive letters as described above. Each phrase is focused on building a central topic/theme of a poem.
While some ABC poems may cover all twenty-six letters of an alphabet, some may cover only five to six.
See note below: Poetry in which every word begins with a successive letter of the alphabet. The first word begins with A, the second with B, etc. (OR) A poem that has 5 lines that create a mood, picture, or feeling. Lines 1 through 4 are made up of words, phrases or clauses - and the first word of each line is in alphabetical order from the first word. Line 5 is one sentence, beginning with any letter.
Note: ABC as a form has been used to describe anything from an Abecedarian poem (above), to an Acrostic poem, and other things. ABC typically has been used as a catch-all for sequential alphabet poems that may not necessarily use the entire alphabet like an Abecedarian poem. So, in reality, "ABC" is just an acrostic poem using successive letters of the alphabet per line or stanza.
[n] the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural); "he mastered the rudiments of geometry"
A Damsel Enchants Felicity
Aurora breaks, Cinderella damsel enchants felicity, gliding halcyon-- implanting jazzy kisses, languorous murmurs. . . Nectared opulent press quakes reactions. Succulent tissues urge virginal wanting: xerothermic, yearning zenith!
by Olive Eloisa Guillermo - Fraser
The poem below is an Abecedarian, but many use the terms ABC and Abecedarian interchangeably.
Wealth of Spring
Assorted spring flowers, naked, rise in morning sun
Breaking through a thin blanket of snow, earth spun.
Cascades of dainty narcissus smile with golden faces
Drinking up the sun as morning warmth embraces.
Enjoy the heavenly floral scent that gardens bring.
Fledglings high in tree nests sense that it is spring.
Growing fast they will soon gain courage to take flight,
Hovering low over canopies, it is their birthright!
Irises spring forth in hopes to match the sky
Just as daffodils claim the colors of sun’s eye.
Keep the cherry blossom's imprint in your mind
Leaving memories of pink poetic petals that you find.
Moments spent in this season’s refreshing rain
Nurture and inspire a poet’s muse again.
Only spring can coax the lovely lilac’s bloom
Perfuming breezes, singing springtime’s tune.
Quaint bird houses dot the country lanes
Rewarding visions viewed through window panes.
Spring reclaims our joyful mood as winter ends,
Treating us to vivid colors this season sends.
Uncloaking animals in snowy hibernation,
Verdant becomes the blessings of vegetation.
Wealth is seen in all the colors of sweet spring
Xylogenous creatures in forests are welcoming.
Yellowthroat warblers singing in trees greet melting snow.
Zephyr’s enchant, as they scatter blossoms down below.