Qasida, a kind of ode, often panegyric on a benefactor, sometimes a satire, sometimes a poem dealing with an important event. As a rule it is longer than ghazal, but it follows the same system of rhyme.
A Qasida is a type of poem that originated from Arabic poetry and became popular to the Arab people some time before the rise of Islam. Initially, with the Arabs, a Qasida poem could be as short as fifteen lines or as long as eighty lines. Later on, Persian poets embraced this type of poetry, contributing to its evolution where it could now accommodate more than one hundred lines. Gradually, it became integrated into other cultures in Africa with the movement and expansion of Arab Islam.
A Qasida retains a sole detailed meter in every part of the poem. Each and every line has the same rhythm, meaning that it sounds almost the same throughout. This type of poem is meant to address a particular subject or person.
A Qasida is panegyric because it is used to give praise to someone or something. Arabs used the poem to praise kings and benefactors who were involved in helping others. It uses a lot of irony, humor, and exaggeration to praise a particular person or just anything in relation to a specific event.