An Ode is a type of poem which focuses on a subject that the writer believes is amazing and praiseworthy. This type of poem is centered upon a person, an idea, a place, a memory or any other thing which one wishes to praise. Throughout the poem, the topic, or center will be praised and held up to a high regard. This type of poem is a form of praise and pride for the topic that has been chosen. For instance, one may write an ode to their spouse, to their dog, or even to a more abstract center like an idea or a feeling.
There is no rule that dictates what exactly an ode poem has to be written about to be considered as such. However, the poem must be in favor of the subject, and must hold the subject in high regard and praise them as such. Ode poems are positive in that regard, and thus are a strong form of praise and tribute.
A lengthy lyric poem typically of a serious or meditative nature and having an elevated style and formal stanza structure. A classic ode is structured in three parts: the strophe, the antistrophe, and the epode. Different forms such as the homostrophic ode and the irregular ode also exist.
[n] a lyric poem with complex stanza forms
Intimations of Immortality
by William Wordsworth
There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream,
The earth, and every common sight,
To me did seem
Apparelled in celestial light,
The glory and the freshness of a dream.
It is not now as it hath been of yore;-
Turn whereso'er I may,
By night or day,
The things which I have seen I now can see no more.
The rainbow comes and goes,
And lovely is the rose,
The Moon doth with delight
Look round her when the heavens are bare;
Waters on a starry night
Are beautiful and fair;
The sunshine is a glorious birth;
But yet I know, where'er I go,
That there hath past away a glory from the earth.