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Sham Definition


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Other Sham Definition

[n] something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
[n] a person who makes deceitful pretenses
[adj] adopted in order to deceive; "an assumed name"; "an assumed cheerfulness"; "a fictitious address"; "fictive sympathy"; "a pretended interest"; "a put-on childish voice"; "sham modesty"
[v] make believe; "He feigned that he was ill"; "He shammed a headache"
[v] make a pretence of; "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"

Misc. Definitions

\Sham\, n. [Originally the same word as shame, hence, a disgrace, a trick. See {Shame}, n.]
1. That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoint; a make-believe; delusion; imposture, humbug. ``A mere sham.'' --Bp. Stillingfleet. Believe who will the solemn sham, not I. --Addison.
2. A false front, or removable ornamental covering. {Pillow sham}, a covering to be laid on a pillow.
\Sham\, a. False; counterfeit; pretended; feigned; unreal; as, a sham fight. They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians. --Jowett (Thucyd)
\Sham\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shammed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shamming}.]
1. To trick; to cheat; to deceive or delude with false pretenses. Fooled and shammed into a conviction. --L'Estrange.
2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition. [R.] We must have a care that we do not . . . sham fallacies upon the world for current reason. --L'Estrange.
3. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign. {To sham Abram} or {Abraham}, to feign sickness; to malinger. Hence a malingerer is called, in sailors' cant, Sham Abram, or Sham Abraham.
\Sham\, v. i. To make false pretenses; to deceive; to feign; to impose. Wondering . . . whether those who lectured him were such fools as they professed to be, or were only shamming. --Macaulay.

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