[n] the act of populating (causing to live in a place); "he deplored the population of colonies with convicted criminals"
[n] (statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn; "it is an estimate of the mean of the population"
[n] a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area; "they hired hunters to keep down the deer population"
[n] the people who inhabit a territory or state; "the population seemed to be well fed and clothed"
[n] the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.); "people come and go, but the population of this town has remained approximately constant for the past decade"; "the African-American population of Salt Lake City has been increasing"
accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection, colonisation, colonization, group, grouping, integer, overpopulation, overspill, people, settlement, subpopulation, whole number
\Pop`u*la"tion\, n. [L. populatio: cf. F. population.]
1. The act or process of populating; multiplication of inhabitants.
2. The whole number of people, or inhabitants, in a country, or portion of a country; as, a population of ten millions.