Monoku Definition

A haiku in a single horizontal line.

A Monoku is a type of poem which is made up of a single horizontal line. Traditionally considered as a haiku writing, it is currently accepted as a variant of the haiku form of poetry. Monoku emerged as an independent style of poetry in the 1970s.

Unlike the Haiku which is made up of three outlines with a total of seventeen syllables, Monoku features a single line consisting of seventeen syllables or even fewer.

It contains a pause brought about by speech rhythm with slight or no punctuation. The first letter should not be capitalized – but instead written in lower case.

Familiar examples of Monoku are:


Pig and I – spring rain by Marlene Mountain

An icicle – a moon drifting through it by Matsuo Allard

Listen to the pause – silence is golden by Jack Jordan


As is evident, a Monoku is about as economical as a composer can get. However, even with a short one-liner, the poet can communicate and paint a picture in the reader's mind. With this in mind, it is up to the reader to interpret the Monoku, and quite a few meanings are probable. 

Monoku Poem Example

an icicle the moon drifting through it

Matsuo Allard (Bird Day Afternoon, High/Coo Press, 1978)

Top 5 Monoku Poem Examples

PMPoem TitlePoetFormCategories
Premium Member Poem Rock Turtles Dietrich, Andrea Monokunature,
Premium Member Poem Hope Kimathi, Teddy Monokuchildren, conflict, future, humanity,
Premium Member Poem Timeless Smith, Charlie Monokuintrospection, love,
Premium Member Poem BECOMING AND BEING Trifiatis, Demetrios Monokulife, universe,
Premium Member Poem Musing Turner, Daniel Monokuheart,

No standard definition found.

More Monoku Links:
  • See poems containing the word: Monoku.
  • See quotes containing the word: Monoku.
  • How many syllables are in Monoku.
  • What rhymes with Monoku?
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