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A Brief Victor Marie Hugo Bio

Written by: Hugo (Victor Marie), French poet and novelist, b. Besançon, 26 Feb. 1802. Was first noted for his Odes, published in ’21. His dramas “Hernani,” ’30, and “Marion Delorme,” ’31, were highly successful. He was admitted into the French Academy in ’41, and made a peer in ’45. He gave his cordial adhesion to the Republic of ’48, and was elected to the Assembly by the voters of Paris. He attacked Louis Napoleon, and after the coup d’état was proscribed. He first went to Brussels, where he published Napoleon the Little, a biting satire. He afterwards settled at Guernsey, where he remained until the fall of the Empire, producing The Legend of the Ages, ’59, Les Miserables, ’62, Toilers of the Sea, ’69, and other works. After his return to Paris he produced a new series of the Legend of the Ages, The Pope, Religions and Religion, Torquemada, and other poems. [179]He died 22 May, 1885, and it being decided he should have a national funeral, the Pantheon was secularised for that purpose, the cross being removed. Since his death a poem entitled The End of Satan has been published.

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