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Deborah Guzzi travels for inspiration: China, Nepal [during the civil war], Japan, Egypt [two weeks before ‘The Arab Spring’], and most recently Peru. First published at the age of sixteen, she writes articles for Massage and Aroma Therapy Magazines. Her poetry has been accepted in the Literary Journals of Western CT. University, Inclement Magazine, Pyrokinections, Jellyfish Whispers, Grey Wolf’s Summer Legends Anthology, The Germ, Wilderness Literary Review, The Anthology Sweet Dreams & Night Terrors, Bitterzoet Magazine, haiku journal, Contemporary Haibun Online, Bella on line, The Autumn Sound, Eskimo Pie, and Ribbons, The Inwood Indiana Review, Five Poetry, Tanka Society of America Journal, and 50 haiku. She has published two illustrated volumes of poetry, The Healing Heart and Heaven and Hell in a Nutshell.


Korean Versus English


Blog Posted:8/21/2013 1:54:00 PM
I just wanted to let you know I am thrilled folks are enjoying their exploration of sijo! What lively conversations we are all having! I do have an opinion regarding syllable count, I DON'T think it should be where you focus your effort; focus on the content. Off and on over the years we have gotten into these, more or less, pointless discussions of syllable count, , because we say the same words differently even if the dictionaries say we are wrong .



The syllabic groupings are not necessarily set in stone – one may vary the grouping slightly, as long as each line still averages out to 14-16 syllables.*

*http://www.sejongsociety.org/korean_theme/sijo/sijo.html





Mistress why are you covered    when glory swells brazenly

dampened by covert cries you soar    buds burst from your swales regardless 

the farmer's croons to his horse    furrows form the seed's planted  


By Debbie Guzzi


The article below can be read in its entirety here

http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/langdiff/korean.htm

Alphabet: The Korean alphabet is called hangul. It was introduced in the 15th century by King Sejong to replace the existing Chinese script (called hanja), which few Koreans could read. Hangul consists of 14 simple consonants and 6 simple vowels (together with consonant clusters and diphthongs).* Hangul can be written horizontally or vertically, with the horizontal, Latin style much more favoured. Koreans are exposed in their daily lives to the Latin script and therefore have no particular difficulties with the English writing system.

* English has 5 vowels & 21 consonants

Phonology: Korean is a syllable timed language in which individual word stress is insignificant. This is radically different from English and accounts for the 'flat' quality of much of the English spoken by Korean ESL students, particularly in extended pieces of oral language such as presentations.

The main problem in the pronunciation of individual words lies in the reproduction of consonants. Several English consonant sounds do not exist in Korean. The most significant of these are the /?/ and /ð/ sounds in words such as then, thirteen and clothes, the /v/ sound, which is produced as a /b/, and the /f/ sound which leads, for example, to phone being pronounced pone. Differences in syllable structure between the two languages may lead to the addition of a short vowel sound to the end of English words that terminate with a consonant or within words containing consonant clusters.

Grammar - Verb/Tense: Korean is an agglutinative language. This means, for example, that verb information such as tense, mood and the social relation between speaker and listener is added successively to the end of the verb. This is in contrast to English which makes extensive use of auxiliaries to convey verb meaning. It is to be expected, then, that some Korean learners will initially have problems in accuratley producing English verb phrases.

Korean does not conjugate verbs using agreement with the subject. This is a possible reason why it takes some learners so long to remember the -s ending in English in the third person singular present simple tense: He like .. instead of he likes .. . Reference to the past in Korean is most often accomplished through a single past tense. Predictable, therefore, are the problems that Korean learners have in choosing the correct English tense from among the several possibilities (past simple, present perfect, past pefrect continuous, etc.)

Grammar - Other: Korean has a Subject-Object-Verb word order. Since personal reference is avoided, it is common to encounter Korean sentences consisting of the verb only. Korean ESL students have little difficulty adjusting to the fairly strict SVO word order that typifies English. However, they need training and practice in working within the permitted exceptions in order to avoid monotonous written text whose sentences all start with the subject.

Grammatical categories in Korean have no clear correspondence with those of English. This often results in Korean learners using a noun or adjective where English would have an adjective or a noun. For example: My daughter doesn't come to school today because she is illness.

Articles* do not exist in Korean. Learners have significant and often permanent problems with the complexities of the English article system.

* a, an, the

Vocabulary: Due to the long-term American presence in South Korea many (city-dwelling) Koreans are used to seeing and hearing English on a daily basis. Korean has also borrowed some words directly from English. However, there is an absence of the significant number of cognates that help, say, the German student quickly begin to understand much of what he or she hears and reads in English.

Miscellaneous: Korean grammar is heavily influenced by honorifics. Verb endings and choice of nouns, adjectives or pronouns depend on the relative status of the speaker or writer to the listener or reader. Honorifics do not play a major part in the English language (except in conventions for addressing people as 'Professor' or 'Your Majesty'), which can make English much easier for Korean to learn than vice versa. It may result, however, in the Korean learner struggling to convey the appropriate amount of deference or assertiveness in his or her dealings with others in English.

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  1. Date: 8/22/2013 11:50:00 AM
    Maybe you can write us a sijo about it Frank!

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  1. Date: 8/22/2013 8:13:00 AM
    Yes Su we have heard you say that, a song, a verse to be sung, YES, there are still other things to consider, thanks for the link!

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    Richards Avatar Suzette Richards Date: 8/23/2013 2:26:00 AM Block poet from commenting on your poetry

    Glad to be of help. Once I have read that link, everything fell into place for me and the "light went on".... Love, Su
  1. Date: 8/22/2013 3:31:00 AM
    Sijo is a verse form to be sung - and not mere syllable counts. Love, Su.....Here is a useful link for the discerning poets on Soup: http://www.sejongculturalsociety.org/mediafiles/writing/current/McCann_sijo.pdf

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  1. Date: 8/21/2013 6:55:00 PM
    Nawwwww Craig High School! LOL

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  1. Date: 8/21/2013 4:26:00 PM
    Good info Debbie--but graduate school material----still much appreciate--these forms have so much history!

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    Aechtner Avatar Chris D. Aechtner Date: 8/21/2013 10:47:00 PM Block poet from commenting on your poetry

    Craig, it's very sweet of you to honour your grandpa by putting a pic of him as your avatar :D

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7/22/2014Peek A BooVersebaby,
7/19/2014Ride Sally RideBalladsexy,
7/19/2014sun showerHaikucelebration,
7/19/2014Turtle BridgeFree versemythology,
7/17/2014The Scent of WaterVerselife,
7/15/2014The Great Turtle and Sky Woman Rhymemythology,
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6/25/2014SomnabulantSijonature,
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