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Poetry Terms Beginning With 'J'

Poetry Terms - j. This is a comprehensive resource of poetry terms beginning with the letter j.

See also Forms of Poetry...



Jabberwocky

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Famous nonsense poem written by Lewis Carroll which first appeared in Alice Through the Looking Glass (1872).

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Jacobean Poets

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Group of poets including Shakespeare, John Donne, Ben Jonson and Michael Drayton who were writing during the reign of James I (1603-1625).

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Japanese Forms

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There are a number of Japanese poetic forms which rely upon syllable counting rather than rhyme or meter. In general, these forms are short and attempt to create something which is greater than the sum of the parts. See haiku (hokku), naga-uta (choka), renga, senryu and tanka (Waka or uta).

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Jazz Poetry

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Type of chanted poetry pioneered by the American poet (Nicholas) Vachel Lindsay. The form was further developed by Langston Hughes who became one of the first poets to recite his poetry to music. It also informed the work of US Beat Poets such as Kenneth Rexroth and UK poets such as Christopher Logue, Roy Fisher and Michael Horovitz.

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Jingle

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Short, simple piece of rhyming verse e.g. nursery rhymes or adverts such as: 'Mr Kipling makes exceedingly good cakes'.

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Jintishi

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Chinese poetic term which literally means 'modern-form poetry'. It refers to a regulated style of poetry which developed from the 5th century onwards and employed four tones: the level tone and three deflected tones (rising, falling and entering). Tu Fu was the most accomplished exponent of jintishu. Compare to gushi.

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Johnsonian

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In the manner of Samuel Johnson. This is normally a reference to his grandiloquent prose style rather than to his poetic output.

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Jongleur

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Wandering minstrel hired by the French troubadour and trouvères poets to perform their compositions.

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Juvenalia

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A poet's early or immature work.

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Juvenalian

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In the satirical style of the Roman poet Juvenal.

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