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Poetry Terms Beginning With 'R'

Poetry Terms - R. This is a comprehensive resource of poetry terms beginning with the letter R.


Poetry Terminology by Letter


Random Rhyme

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Definition

Irregular, sporadic rhyme - often used in modern poetry.


Rap

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Definition

Music of African American origin which delivers (rapid) rhythmic rhymes - usually over a backing beat. However, some rap poets recite their lines without musical accompaniment.

(or Rapping) Music of African American origin which delivers (rapid) rhythmic rhymes - usually over a backing beat. However, some rap poets recite their lines without musical accompaniment.


Recitative

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Definition

(or Recitativo) Poem which is written to be spoken or performed - possibly with a musical accompaniment. See the opening line of To a Locomotive in Winter by Whitman.


Refrain

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Definition

A refrain (from the Old French refraindre "to repeat," likely from Vulgar Latin refringere) is the line or lines that are repeated in poetry, usually after every stanza.


Renaissance Poetry

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Broad term used to describe the work of 16th and 17th Century English poets including: Sidney, Ralegh, Donne, Spenser, Jonson, Herrick, Milton, Elizabeth I, Marvell, Shakespeare, Marlowe, Drayton, Wyatt and Skelton. See also metaphysical poets and cavalier poets.


Rengay

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Definition

Rengay is a contemporary six-verse form of linked haiku based on a unifying theme. Written by 2-3 partners, each link should be able to stand on its own. Derived from renku, but much different, theme development is the key element of rengay. Rengay incorporates the "link and shift" idea of renku, but its brevity makes it easier to read (and publish). Because it is thematic, it is more accessible. Rengay was developed in 1992 by Garry Gay, co-founder of the Haiku Poets of Northern California, and the organization's first president from 1989-1990. In 1991, he was elected president of the Haiku Society of America.


Repetend

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Definition

See refrain.


Rhapsody

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Definition

Greek epic poem (or section of poem) suitable for recitation.


Rhetorical Question

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Definition

A question asked for effect, but not meant to be answered because the answer is clear from context.


Rhopalic Verse

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Definition

Verse in which each line is a (metrical) foot longer than its predecessor e.g. Richard Crashaw's Wishes to His Supposed Mistress.


Rhupunt

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Definition

Welsh syllabic verse form. See awdl.


Rhyme

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Definition

A rhyming poem has the repetition of the same or similar sounds of two or more words, often at the end of the line.


Rhyme royal

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Definition

A type of poetry consisting of seven lines, usually in iambic pentameter. The rhyme scheme is a-b-a-b-b-c-c. In practice, the stanza can be constructed either as a tercet and two couplets (a-b-a, b-b, c-c) or a quatrain and a tercet (a-b-a-b, b-c-c). This allows for a good deal of variety, especially when the form is used for longer narrative poems and along with the couplet, it was the standard narrative metre in the late Middle Ages.


Rhyme scheme

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Definition

A rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming lines in a rhyming poem or in lyrics for music. It is usually referred to by using letters to indicate which lines rhyme.


Rhymer

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Definition

(or Rhymester) A person who employs rhyme; often a pejorative term for a poet.


Rhymers Club

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Definition

Group of poets including W.B. Yeats and Ernest Rhys who met at the Cheshire Cheese pub in Fleet Street, London to read and discuss their poetry.


Rhyming Slang

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Definition

Device invented by 'Cockney geezers' to conceal the subject of conversations from eavesdroppers and/or the police. Examples include: apples and pears (stairs), Barnet Fair (hair), butchers' hook (look) and Chalfont St. Giles (piles). Not to be confused with Cockney Poetry.


Rhythm

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Definition

The actual sound that results from a line of poetry. Metrical rhythm generally involves precise arrangements of stresses or syllables into repeated patterns called feet within a line.


Rictameter

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Definition

A rictameter is a nine line poetry form. The 1st and last lines are the same with the syllable count as follows: • line 1 - 2 syllables - same as line 9 • line 2 - 4 syllables • line 3 - 6 syllables • line 4 - 8 syllables • line 5 - 10 syllables • line 6 - 8 syllables • line 7 - 6 syllables • line 8 - 4 syllables • line 9 - 2 syllables - same as line 1


Rime

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Definition

Archaic term for rhyme.


Rime Couée

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Definition

French term for a tail-rhyme stanza i.e. a stanza which is concluded by a short line that rhymes with a previous short line but which is separated from it by a long line. Robert Burns' stanza is an example of rime couée.


Rising Meter

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Definition

Term used to describe end-stressed meters such as iambic and anapestic - as opposed to falling meter.


Rispetto

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Definition

rispetto, (Italian:: “respect,” )plural rispetti, a Tuscan folk verse form, a version of strambotto. The rispetto lyric is generally composed of eight hendecasyllabic (11-syllable) lines. In its earliest form the rhyme scheme was usually abababcc. Later, the scheme ababccdd became more prominent, and other variations can also be found. from theEncyclopædia Britannica


Romanticism

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Definition

A poem about nature and love while having emphasis on the personal experience.


Romanticism /Romantic Poets

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Definition

Term used to describe the work of poets such as: Wordsworth, Coleridge, Blake, Burns, Southey, Scott, Keats, Shelley and Byron.


Rondeau

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Definition

A rondeau (plural rondeaux) is a form of French poetry with 15 lines written on two rhymes. Variant forms may have 10 or 13 lines. It makes use of refrains, repeated according to a certain stylized pattern. It was customarily regarded as a challenge to arrange for these refrains to contribute to the meaning of the poem in as succinct and poignant a manner as possible. The rondeau consists of thirteen lines of eight syllables, plus two refrains (which are half lines, each of four syllables), employing, altogether, only three rhymes. It has three stanzas and its rhyme scheme is as follows: (1) A A B B A (2) A A B with refrain: C (3) A A B B A with concluding refrain C. The refrain must be identical with the beginning of the first line.


Rondeau Redouble

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Definition

The rondeau redouble is the French translation of a double rondeau. Consisting of 25 lines, it features a four-line refrain which forms the first quatrain. These four lines are then used successively as the last lines of the following four quatrains. The sixth and final stanza is a quintrain which contains no repetition of previous lines; it does, however, include a 'tail' which is the beginning clause or phrase from line one. The same two rhymes are used throughout and the rhyming scheme is as follows: Stanza One A1B1A2B2 Stanza Two abbA1 Stanza Three abaB1 Stanza Four babA2 Stanza Five abaB2 Stanza Six abab tail from line one


Rondel

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Definition

Another poem of French origin, normally consisting of fourteen lines, but with only two rhymes. The first and second, seventh and eighth, and thirteenth and fourteenth lines are the same. The most common rhyme scheme is: A-B-b-a-a-b-A-B-a-b-b-a-A-B.


Rondelet

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Definition

Smaller version of the rondel. The rondelet is a seven line poem with a refrain in the first, third and seventh line and a rhyme scheme: A-b-A-a-b-b-A.


Roundel

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Definition

A roundel (not to be confused with the rondel) is a form of verse used in poetry and created by Algernon Charles Swinburne. A roundel consists of nine lines each having the same number of syllables, plus a refrain after the third line and after the last line.

Roundel's have three stanzas and its rhyme scheme is as follows:

A
B
A
?R (refrain)

B
A
B

A
B
A
R (refrain)


Roundelay

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Definition

Short, simple song with a refrain.


Rubai

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Definition

Ruba'i, is a poetry style, the Arabic term for "quatrain". The plural form of the word, ruba?iyat, often anglicised rubaiyat, is used to describe a collection of such quatrains.


Rubaiyat

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Definition

The Rubaiyat is a Persian form of several quatrains. Its name derives from the Arabic plural of the word for "quatrain". This, in turn, comes from the Arabic Rubá, meaning "four."

This Persian form of poetry is a series of rhymed quatrains. In each quatrain, all lines rhyme except the third, leading to this pattern:

a
a - 2nd line rhymes with the first.
b
a - 4th line rhymes with the first and second


Run-On

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Definition

See enjambment.


Running Rhythm

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Definition

Term used to describe the effect of meters featuring regular patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables - as opposed to sprung rhythm.