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Forms of Poetry - M | Types of Poetry - M

Forms of Poetry - m. This is a comprehensive resource of poetic forms beginning with the letter m. We include examples of different types of poetry.

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Madah

Definition

Poem written in praise of royalty, patrons, etc.

Example


Manqabat

Definition

A poem written in praise of members of the family of the holy Prophet

Example


Marsiya

Definition

Pronounced (muhr-see-yaa)

An elegy written to mourn the death of a great man or a dearly loved person. In its stricter sense, traditionally accepted in Urdu, Marsiya (or elegy) is nearly always on the death of Hasan and Husain and their families, but occasionally on the death of relatives and friends.

It is usually in six-lined stanzas with the rhyme aaaabb. The recitation of these elegies in the first ten days of Muharram is one of the greatest event in Muslim life. A fully developed marsiya is always an epic. The famous marsia writers who inherited the tradition of Mir Anis among his successive generations are Mir Nawab Ali 'Munis', Dulaha Sahab 'Uruj', Mustafa Meerza urf Piyare Sahab 'Rasheed', Syed Muhammad Mirza Uns, Ali Nawab 'Qadeem', Syed Sajjad Hussain "Shadeed" Lucknavi, Allama, Dr.Syed Ali Imam Zaidi, "Gauher" Luckhnavi the(great grandson of Mir Babber Ali Anis).

Example


Masnavi

Definition

Masnavi, in the majority of cases a poetic romance. It may extend to several thousand lines, but generally is much shorter. A few masnavis deal with ordinary domestic and other occurrences. Mir and Sauda wrote some of this kind. They are always in heroic couplets, and the common metre is bacchic tetrameter with an iambus for last foot. The Religious masnavi Histori of Islam (Tarikh-e-Islam Az Quran) written by Dr. Syed Ali Imam Zaidi Gauher Lucknavi.

Example


McWhirtle

Definition

A light verse form similar to a double dactyl, invented in 1989 by American poet Bruce Newling. McWhirtles share essentially the same form as double dactyls, but without the strict requirements, making them easier to write.

Example

An example by American poet Kenn Nesbitt:

Fernando the Fearless
We're truly in awe of
Fernando the Fearless
who needed no net
for the flying trapeze.
Alas, what a shame
it's surprisingly difficult
catching a bar
in the midst of a sneeze.


Monoku

Definition

A haiku in a single horizontal line.

Example

an icicle the moon drifting through it

Matsuo Allard (Bird Day Afternoon, High/Coo Press, 1978)


Monorhyme

Definition

An identical rhyme on every line, common in Latin and Arabic. "aaaaa..."

Example

A break from my career,
to visit a new frontier.
Where life is not severe,
and stress will disappear.
I'll become a pioneer,
a new found volunteer.
To help this old sphere,
make it's air all clear.
We will persevere,
for I'm the brigadier.
So as I tip my beer,
lets offer up a cheer.
Lets make this our year
where everyone will be sincere.


Munaajaat

Definition

A lyrical poem written as a prayer to God.

Example


Musaddas

Definition

A poem in which each unit consists of 6 lines. The most well known poet of this style of writing was Maulana Altaf Husain Hali.

Example