Forms of Poetry - H | Types of Poetry - H
Forms of Poetry -
H. This is a comprehensive resource of poetic forms beginning with the letter
H. We include examples of different types of poetry.
See also Poetry Terms...
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Japanese form, pioneered by the poet Basho, and comprising a section of
prose followed by haiku. They are frequently travelogues - as in Basho's
The Records of a Travel-Worn Satchel (1688). In the best examples, the
prose and haiku should work together to create an organic whole.
We guide our canoe along the
shores of beautiful Lake Esquagama. It is nine o’clock at night on this
evening of the summer solstice. As the sun begins to dim the lake
becomes still as glass. Along the shore, forests of birch are reflected
in its mirrored surface, their ghostly white trunks disappearing into a
green canopy. The only sound is a splash when our bow slices the water.
We stop to rest the paddles across our knees, enjoying the peace. Small
droplets from our wet blades create ever widening circular pools.
Moving on, closer to the fading shore, we savour these moments.
as a feather
on the breeze
the distant call
of a loon
A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five moras (a unit of sound that determines syllable weight in some languages) respectively, usually about some form of nature. Although haiku are often stated to have 17 syllables, this is inaccurate as syllables and moras are not the same. Haiku typically contain a kigo (seasonal reference), and a kireji (cutting word). In Japanese, haiku are traditionally printed in a single vertical line and tend to take aspects of the natural world as their subject matter, while haiku in English often appear in three lines to parallel the three phrases of Japanese haiku and may deal with any subject matter.
An example of classic hokku by Bashô:
- an old pond—
- the sound of a frog jumping
- into water
Another Bashô classic:
- the first cold shower;
- even the monkey seems to want
- a little coat of straw.
Hamd is a poem in praise of Allah. The word "hamd" is derived from the Qur'an, its English translation is "Praise".
A traditional form for English poetry, commonly used for epic and narrative poetry; it refers to poems constructed from a sequence of rhyming pairs of iambic pentameter lines.
A frequently-cited example illustrating the use of heroic couplets is this passage from Cooper's Hill by John Denham, part of his description of the Thames:
- O could I flow like thee, and make thy stream
- My great example, as it is my theme!
- Though deep, yet clear, though gentle, yet not dull,
- Strong without rage, without o'erflowing full.
The form name is derived from hybrid and sonnet.
This form is an offspring of a sonnet; that is to say that it must consist of fourteen lines; each line must be octal syllabic, does not necessarily have to be iambic although it can be if desired, and the rhyme scheme can be ABABCDCDEFEFGG, couplet rhyme, or other acceptable schemes, allowing the poet more latitude to work with, and finally, the end rhyme can be a combination of rhymes (masculine, feminine, slant, etc.) or used anyway the poet deems appropriate.
Standing amid the forest trees
I feel so insignificant.
Small and unimportant can be
Very humbling among the plants
And underbrush that are dwarfed by
The regal, deciduous trees.
Quiet is defined by the sigh
Of the wind breathing through the leaves
And serenity thrives beneath
This lushest leaf-green canopy.
I walk along an ancient path
Once tread by aborigines.
Then, out of the blue, the soft wind
Whispered,” you're home again my friend.”