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Forms of Poetry - L | Types of Poems - L

Forms of Poetry - l. This is a comprehensive resource of poetic forms beginning with the letter l. We include examples of different Types of Poems.

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Lanterne

Definition

A type of poem that has one syllable in the first line, two syllables in the second line, three syllables in the third line, four syllables in the fourth line, and one syllable in the fifth line that related to the first word of the poem.

Example

  • 5 line poem
  • each line has a specific number of syllables

    line 1 = 1 syllable
    line 2 = 2 syllables
    line 3 = 3 syllables
    line 4 = 4 syllables
    line 5 = 1 syllable
  • lines do not rhyme
  • poem is based on one sentence or idea

 

boys
tackling
running fast
scoring touchdowns
lads


Lay

Definition

A long narrative poem, especially one that was sung by medieval minstrels.

Example

 - Excerpt

The Lay of the Last Minstrel
by Sir Walter Scott

The way was long, the wind was cold,
The Minstrel was infirm and old;
His wither'd cheek, and tresses gray,
Seem'd to have known a better day;
The harp, his sole remaining joy,
Was carried by an orphan boy.


Lento

Definition

A poetic form created by Lencio Dominic Rodrigues, the Lento is named after it's creator, taken from his first name Lencio and rhymed to Cento, an existing form of poetry.

A Lento consists of two quatrains with a fixed rhyme scheme of abcbdefe as the second and forth lines of each stanza must rhyme. To take it a step further, but not required, try rhyming the first and third lines as well as the second and forth lines of each stanza in this rhyming pattern: ababcdcd. The fun part of this poem is thrown in here as all the FIRST words of each verse should rhyme. There is no fixed syllable structure to the Lento, but keeping a good, flowing rhythm is recommended. 

For an added challenge, one may write a four-verse Lento and call it a Double Lento, or a six-versed Lento to become a Triple Lento. A Lento of eight verses and more is called a Lento chain.

Below is an example of a Lento:

Example

Composed in winter of Two Thousand Five, (a) Proposed by my dreams, this entire theme, (b) Exposed now for all to write and have fun, (c) Supposed to be easy though it doesn't seem. (b) Two verses of four lines each you will write, (d) Do rhyme the beginning word in every line, (e) Pursue to keep last rhymes in line two and four, (f) Chew your brain a little, you'll do just fine! (e)


Light Poetry

Definition

Light poetry, also called light verse, is poetry that attempts to be humorous. Poems considered "light" are usually brief, and can be on a frivolous or serious subject, and often feature wordplay, including puns, adventurous rhyme and heavy alliteration.

Example

NA


Limerick

Definition

A limerick is a five-line, often humorous and ribald poem with a strict meter. Lines 1, 2, and 5 of have seven to ten syllables (three metrical feet) and rhyme with one another. Lines 3 and 4 have five to seven (two metrical feet) syllables and also rhyme with each other. The rhyme scheme is usually "A-A-B-B-A".

Example

There once was a man from Nantucket
Who kept all his cash in a bucket.
      But his daughter, named Nan,
      Ran away with a man
And as for the bucket, Nantucket.


List

Definition

A poem that is made up of a list of items or events, usually without transitional phrases. It can be any length and rhymed or unrhymed.

Example

My Junk Drawer

As I struggle to open the drawer,

I find:

4 novels ( unread),

20 batteries (dead),

100 feet of wire,

20 pieces of an electric train set,

1 polyester shirt I got last Christmas,

3 workbooks from fifth grade,

and the reason I can hardly open it:

clay


Lyric

Definition

A poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet.

Example

NA