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Famous Chinese Poets - Famous Poets from China (PRC)

This famous Chinese poets section is an educational source of information and inspiration featuring reknown Chinese poets. Here you will find famous poets of our time and times past from China (PRC).

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Anshi, Wang

Wang Anshi (Chinese : ; December 8, 1021 – May 21, 1086 ) was a Chinese economist, statesman, chancellor and poet of the Song Dynasty who attempted controversial, major socioeconomic reforms. These reforms constituted the core concepts and motives of the Reformists, while their nemesis, Chancellor Sima Guang, led the Conservative faction against them.
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Bai, Li

A Chinese poet who lived during the Tang Dynasty.. major Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty poetry period
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Ban, Consort

Consort Ban (c. 48 BCE — c. 6 BCE), or Ban Jieyu, (Chinese : ; pinyin : Ban Jiéyú ; Wade–Giles : Pan Chieh-yü, and also known as Lady Pan ) was a Chinese scholar and poet during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 23 CE). Jieyu was a title for a concubine, her personal name is not known.
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Binwang, Luo

Luo Binwang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Luò Binwáng; Wade–Giles: Lo Pinwang, ca. 640–December 29, 684), courtesy name Guanguang (/), was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty. His family was from modern Wuzhou, Zhejiang, but he was raised in Shandong. Luo is grouped with Wang Bo, Yang Jiong (/) and Lu Zhaolin (/) as one of the Four Greats of the Early Tang as the most outstanding writers of their time.. Chinese writer and poet recognized as one of the Four Greats of the Early Tang
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Bo, Wang

Wang Bo (Chinese : ; ca. 649–676), courtesy name Zi'an, was a Chinese poet in the Tang Dynasty .
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Can, Wang

Wang Can (177–217), style name Zhongxuan, was a politician, scholar and poet who lived in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. He contributed greatly to the establishment of laws and standards during the founding days of the vassal kingdom of Wei – the forerunner of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period – under Cao Cao. For his literary achievements, Wang Can was ranked among the Seven Scholars of Jian'an .
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Changling, Wang

Wang Changling (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Wáng Changlíng ) (698–756) was a major Tang Dynasty poet. His zi was Shaobo (Chinese : ). He was originally from Taiyuan in the Shanxi province of China, according to the editors of the Three Hundred Tang Poems, although other sources claim that he was actually from Jiangning near modern-day Nanjing. After passing the prestigious jinshi examination, he became a secretarial official and later held other imperial positions, including that of an official posting to Sishui, in what is currently Xingyang, in Henan province. Near the end of his life he was appointed as a minister of Jiangning county. He died in the An Lushan Rebellion.
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Cheng, Gu

Gu Cheng (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; September 24, 1956 – October 8, 1993) was a famous Chinese modern poet, essayist and novelist. He was a prominent member of the " Misty Poets ", a group of Chinese modernist poets.
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Cheng'en, Wu

Wu Cheng'en (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Wú Chéng'en ; Wade–Giles : Wu Ch'êng-ên, ca. 1500–1582 or 1505–1580 ), courtesy name Ruzhong, pen name "Sheyang Hermit," was a Chinese novelist and poet of the Ming Dynasty, and is considered to be the author of Journey to the West, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature .
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Ching-Chao, Li

Li Qingzhao (Traditional Chinese : ; Simplified Chinese :, pinyin : Li Qingzhào; Wade-Giles : Li Ch'ing-chao, pseudonym Yi'an Jushi (“Yi'an Householder ”)) (1081–c. 1141) was a Chinese writer and poet of the Song Dynasty .
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Confucius,

Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
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Dao, Bei

Bei Dao (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Bei Dao ; literally "Northern Island", born August 2, 1949) is the pen name of Chinese poet Zhao Zhenkai (S:, T:, P: Zhào Zhènkai ). He was born in Beijing. He chose the pen name because he came from the north and because of his preference for solitude. Bei Dao is the most notable representative of the Misty Poets, a group of Chinese poets who reacted against the restrictions of the Cultural Revolution.
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Dao, Jia

Jia Dao (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Jia Dao; Wade-Giles: Chia Tao) (779–843), courtesy name Langxian, was a Chinese poet active during the Tang Dynasty. He was born near modern Beijing; after a period as a Buddhist monk, he went to Chang'an. He became one of Han Yu's disciples, but failed the jinshi exam several times. He wrote both discursive gushi and lyric jintishi. His works were criticised as "thin" by Su Shi, and some other commentators have considered them limited and artificial.. Chinese poet active during the Tang Dynasty
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Daosheng, Guan

Guan Daosheng (Chinese: ; 1262–1319) was a Chinese poet and painter who was active during the Yuan Dynasty .
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Desheng, Liang

Liang Desheng (Chinese : ; Pinyin : Liáng Déshéng ; 1771–1847) was a Chinese poet and writer active during the Qing Dynasty. She was the wife of Xu Zongyan, a prominent intellectual from Hangzhou. Since her sister died young, Liang Desheng acted as a surrogate mother for her niece Wang Duan, who would become an editor. Both of them were also friends with another female poet, Gu Taiqing .
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Di, Pei

Pei Di (Chinese : ; pinyin : Péi Dí ; Wade–Giles : P'ei Ti ) was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty, and a contemporary of Wang Wei, although younger by fifteen years. The poet's name is also rendered into English as "Pei Ti" or "Pei Shidi"(shi = ). The close personal friendship between Wang Wei and Pei Di is preserved in a letter by Wang Wei inviting him for a Springtime visit together at Wang's country estate. This letter has been translated by Arthur Waley. Pei also had a poetic relationship with Du Fu. Other than through his few surviving poems, and the poems addressed to him by Wang Wei and Du Fu, "pitifully little" is known about Pei Di, other than that he had a reasonably successful government career.
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Dongpo, Su

Su Shi (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Su Shì ), also known as Su Dong Po (January 8, 1037 – August 24, 1101) was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song Dynasty (960–1279). A major personality of the Song era, Su was an important figure in Song Dynasty politics, aligning himself with Sima Guang and others, against the New Policy party lead by Wang Anshi. Su Shi was famed as an essayist, and his prose writings lucidly contribute to the understanding of topics such as 11th-century Chinese travel literature or detailed information on the contemporary Chinese iron industry. His poetry has a long history of popularity and influence in China, Japan, and other areas in the near vicinity; and, his poetry is well known in the English speaking parts of the world through the translations by Arthur Waley, among others. In terms of the arts, Su Shi has some claim to being "the pre-eminent personality of the eleventh century."
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Duo, Duo

Duo Duo or Duoduo (Chinese : , 1951 - ) is the pen name of contemporary Chinese poet, Li Shizheng, a prominent exponent of the Chinese Misty Poets. Duo Duo was awarded the 2010 Neustadt International Prize for Literature .
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Engetsu, Chugan

Chugan Engetsu ( , January 28, 1300 – February 9, 1375), Japanese poet, occupies a prominent place in Japanese Literature of the Five Mountains, literature in Chinese written in Japan. Chugan's achievement was his mastery of this difficult medium, a signal of the ripening of Five Mountains poetry and prose in Japan. He was born in Kamakura of a family that claimed descent from Emperor Kammu (r. 781-806). At age eight he entered the prestigious monetary of the Zen Rinzai sect in Kamakura as an acolyte. At twelve he was a disciple of Dokei. At this time Chugan began in earnest his Chinese studies, devoting himself to the Classic of Filial Piety and Analects. He left for Kyushu hoping to travel to China, but did not succeed. After this disappointment he traveled to Kyoto and met the reclusive patriarch Kokan Shiren (1278–1346). In 1320 he realized his hopes for a journey to China that resulted in a seven-year study-tour of Zen masters and institutions. In 1332 Chugan returned in disgust to a Japan wracked by civil war and unrest. He chose for his residence the Nanzenji monastery in Kyoto. In 1339 he was asked to establish the Kisshoji monastery. From this point until his death in 1375 he was residing as head of many of the Zen establishments in Japan. His writings reflect both a Confucian concern with social values and a Zen love of the ironic and iconoclastic.
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Fenggan,

Fenggan (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Fenggan ; Wade–Giles : Fengkan ; literally "Big Stick", fl. 9th century) was a Chinese Zen monk-poet lived in the Tang Dynasty, associated with Hanshan and Shide in the famed " Tiantai Trio" .
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Fenggan,

Fenggan (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Fenggan ; Wade–Giles : Fengkan ; literally "Big Stick", fl. 9th century) was a Chinese Zen monk-poet lived in the Tang Dynasty, associated with Hanshan and Shide in the famed " Tiantai Trio" .
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Fu, Du

A prominent Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty.. prominent Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty
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Furen, Huarui

Consort Xu (c. 940 – 976) was a concubine of Later Shu 's emperor Meng Chang during imperial China 's Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. More commonly known as Madame Huarui, she was also a notable poet.
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Gu, Ban

Ban Gu (Chinese : ; Wade–Giles : Pan Ku ; AD 32–92), courtesy name Mengjian, was a 1st-century Chinese historian and poet best known for his part in compiling the Book of Han. He also wrote a number of fu, a major literary form, part prose and part poetry, which is particularly associated with the Han era. A number of Ban's fu are anthologized by Xiao Tong in the Wen Xuan .
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Guimong, Lu

Lu Guimeng (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Lù Guimeng ; Wade–Giles : Lu Kuimeng ) (died 881), courtesy name Luwang, was recluse Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty. He lived in seclusion at Puli near Suzhou. His pseudonyms included, Mr. Puli, Tiansuizhi, and Jianghu Shanren .
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Han-Shan,

Hanshan (Chinese : ; pinyin : Hánshan ; literally "Cold Mountain", fl. 9th century) was a legendary figure associated with a collection of poems from the Chinese Tang Dynasty in the Taoist and Chan tradition. No one knows who he was, or when he lived and died. In the Buddhist tradition, Hanshan and his sidekick Shide are honored as emanations of the bodhisattvas Mañjusri and Samantabhadra, respectively. In Japanese and Chinese paintings, Hanshan is often depicted together with Shide or with Fenggan, another monk with legendary attributes.
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Hao, Cui

Cui Hao, Tang Dynasty, Chinese poet
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Haoran, Meng

Meng Haoran (Chinese: ; pinyin: Mèng Hàorán; Wade-Giles: Meng Hao-jan; Japanese: Mokonen) (689 or 691 – 740) was a Chinese poet during the Tang Dynasty. Unsuccessful in his official career, he mainly lived in and wrote about his birthplace.. Chinese Tang Dynasty poet
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He, Li

Li He (Chinese : ; Wade–Giles : Li Ho ) (790–816), courtesy name Changji, was a short-lived Chinese poet of the late Tang Dynasty, known for his dense and allusive use of symbolism, for his use of synecdoche, for his vividly imaginative (and often fantastic) imagery, and for his otherwise sometimes unconventional style of poetry. However, these qualities lead to a revival of interest in him and his poetry in the twentieth century.
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Heng, Zhang

Zhang Heng (Chinese :  t   , s   , p   Zhang Héng ; AD 78–139), formerly romanized as Chang Hêng, was a Chinese polymath from Nanyang who lived during the Han dynasty. Educated in the capital cities of Luoyang and Chang'an, he achieved success as an astronomer, mathematician, inventor, geographer, cartographer, artist, poet, statesman, and literary scholar.
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Hongdao, Yuan

Yuan Hongdao (Chinese : ; pinyin : Yuán Hóngdào ; Wade–Giles : Yüan Hung-tao, 1568–1610) was a Chinese poet of the Ming Dynasty, and one of the Three Yuan Brothers. His life spanned nearly the whole of the Wanli period (1573-1620) in Chinese history. Yuan was from Gong'an in Hukuang. His family had been military officials for generations. Yuan showed an interest in literature from youth and formed his own literary club at age fifteen. At the age of twenty-four in 1592 he took the chin-shih examination and subsequently received an official position in 1595. However he quit out of boredom after a year. Yuan traveled and consulted with the radical philosopher Li Zhi. On another trip his brothers joined him. Hu's elder brother was a Buddhist-Confucianist synchronist. His travels resulted in his publishing a poetry compilation Jietuo ji [Collection of One Released]. His and his two brothers' poetry, which focused on clarity and sincerity, produced a following eventually known as the Gong'an school, the central belief of which was that good writing was a result of genuine emotions and personal experience. When one of his brothers died in 1600, Yuan retired to a small island in a lake to meditate and write poetry. The resulting work is Xiaobi tangji [Jade-Green Bamboo Hall Collection].
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Hua, Zhang

Zhang Hua (232–300), style name Maoxian, was a Jin Dynasty (265-420) official and poet. He was a native of Fangcheng County (now Gu'an County ), Hebei.
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Iasyr, Shivaza

Iasyr (Yasyr) Shivaza or Shiwaza (Dungan : ; Kyrgyz : ; Russian : ) (18 May 1906 - 18 June 1988) was a Soviet Dungan poet, writer, editor, and scholar.
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Ji, Qiao

Qiao Ji (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; Wade–Giles : Ch'iao Chi, died 1345) also known as Qiao Jifu was a major Chinese dramatist and poet in [ clarification needed ] the Yuan Dynasty. He was originally from Taiyuan in Shanxi, but lived in the West Lake area in Zhejiang province. His courtesy name was Mengfu and his pen name was Shenghao Weng. Qiao was said to have maintained an aloof and intimidating demeanor, to the point people were in awe of him, according to the Record of Ghosts (. Of his many plays eleven are extant.
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Ji, Ruan

Ruan Ji (Chinese : ; pinyin : Ruan Jí ; Wade–Giles : Juan Chi; 210–263) was a poet and musician who lived in the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history. He was one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. The guqin melody, Jiukuang ("Drunken Ecstasy", or "Wine Mad") is believed to have been composed by him.
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Ji (poet from Hubei), Zhang

Zhang Ji (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhang Jì ; Wade–Giles : Chang Chi, also transliterated Chang Tsi, fl. 8th century), courtesy name Yisun, was a Chinese poet born in Xiangyang, Hubei during the Tang Dynasty .
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Ji (poet from Jiangnan), Zhang

Zhang Ji (traditional Chinese : ; simplified Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhang Jí ), Chinese style name Wen Chang, c. 766-c. 830 ), and transliterated Chang Chi 2 by Giles, was a Tang Dynasty poet and scholar.
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Jiaji, Wu

Wu Jiaji (Chinese : ; Wade–Giles : Wu Chia-chi, 1618–1684) was a Chinese poet, and an associate of the official and literary figure Zhou Lianggong .
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Jiuling, Zhang

Zhang Jiuling (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; Wade–Giles : Chang Chiu-ling) (673–740), courtesy name Zishou, nickname Bowu, formally Count Wenxian of Shixing, was a prominent minister, noted poet and scholar of the Tang Dynasty, serving as chancellor during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong .
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Juyi, Bai

Bai Juyi (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bái Juyì; Wade-Giles: Po Chü-i) (772–846) was a Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty. His poems mostly concern his responsibilities as governor of several small provinces. He is also renowned in Japan (where his name is read Haku Kyo'i, ).. Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty
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Kang, Xi

Ji Kang, also known as Xi Kang, (Chinese : , 223–262) was a Chinese author, poet, Taoist philosopher, musician and alchemist. He was one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove who engaged in separating themselves from the dangerous political situation of third century China, in favor of devoting themselves to a life of art and leisure. Ji Kang is noted as an author and famous for having been a composer and zither-player.
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Ke, Mang

Mang Ke (, original name Jiang Shiwei ), born in 1951, is a prominent Chinese poet and co-founder (with Bei Dao ) of the underground literary journal Today, which appeared irregularly between 1978 and 1980 before being shut down by the Chinese Government.
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Lian, Yang

Yang Lian (Yáng Liàn) is a Chinese poet associated with the Misty Poets and also with the Searching for Roots school. He was born in Bern, Switzerland in 1955 and raised in Beijing, where he attended primary school.
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Ling, Bei

Bei Ling (born December 28, 1959 in Beijing ) is a Chinese poet, and journal editor. He is usually associated with the Chinese misty poets.
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Luorui, Zhao

Zhao Luorui (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhào Luóruí, aka Lucy Chao ) (1912–1998) was a Chinese poet and translator .
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Mei, Yuan

Yuan Mei (pinyin: Yuán Méi, 1716 – 1797) was a well-known poet, scholar and artist of the Qing Dynasty.. Chinese poet scholar artist and gastronome of the Qing Dynasty
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Min, Zheng

Zheng Min (born in 1920 in Minhou, Fuzhou, Fujian ) is a Chinese scholar and poet. She studied philosophy in China and has published modernist poetry since her student days in the early 1940s. In the 1940s, she traveled to the United States, gaining an MA in literature from Brown University, and returned to China in 1955. Together with eight other poets, she is thought of as one of the 'Nine Leaves' school of poetry; her work is included in The Nine Leaves (1980). Zheng lectures at Beijing Normal University .
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Mo, Xu Zhi

Xu Zhimo (Chinese : ; pinyin : Xú Zhìmó ; Wade–Giles : Hsü Chih-mo, January 15, 1897 – November 19, 1931) was an early 20th-century Chinese poet. He was given the name of Zhangxu and the courtesy name of Yousen. He later changed his courtesy name to Zhimo.
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Moruo, Guo

Guo Moruo (Chinese : ; pinyin : Guo Mòruò ; Wade–Giles : Kuo Mo-jo; November 16, 1892 – June 12, 1978), courtesy name Dingtang, was a Chinese author, poet, historian, archaeologist, and government official from Sichuan, China.
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Mu, Du

Du Mu (Chinese: ; pinyin: Dù Mù; Wade–Giles: Tu4 Mu4) (803–852) was a leading Chinese poet of the late Tang Dynasty. His courtesy name was Muzhi, and sobriquet Fanchuan .. leading Chinese poet of the late Tang Dynasty
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