[n] a short moral story (often with animal characters)
[n] (New Testament) any of the stories told by Jesus to convey his religious message; "the parable of the prodigal son"
A parable is a brief, succinct story, in prose or verse, that illustrates a moral or religious lesson. It differs from a fable in excluding animals, plants, inanimate objects, and forces of nature as actors that assume speech and other powers of humankind.
Matthew 7:24-27 (Worldwide English (New Testament))
24`Everyone who hears what I say and obeys me will be like a man who has good sense. He built his house on a rock.
25It rained hard. The water in the rivers came up high. The winds were strong and beat on the house. But it did not fall down. It was built on a rock.
26But everyone who hears what I say and does not obey me, will be like a man who has no sense. He built his house on the sand.
27It rained hard. The water in the rivers came up high. The winds were strong and beat on the house. It fell down with a loud noise!'
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allegory, apologue, fable